Rice bran oil based biodiesel production using calcium oxide catalyst derived from Chicoreus brunneus shell

Mazaheri, Hoora and Ong, Hwai Chyuan and Masjuki, Haji Hassan and Amini, Zeynab and Harrison, Mark D. and Wang, Chin Tsan and Kusumo, Fitranto and Alwi, Azham (2018) Rice bran oil based biodiesel production using calcium oxide catalyst derived from Chicoreus brunneus shell. Energy, 144. pp. 10-19. ISSN 0360-5442, DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2017.11.073.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2017.11.073


Environmental pollution and the declining global supply of accessible fossil fuels are the key drivers of the search for alternative sources of energy. Biodiesel, a renewable liquid transport fuel, is commercially-produced using heterogeneous catalysts. Heterogeneous catalysts obtained from seashells appeared as promising alternatives thanks to their low preparation cost and increased efficiency in transesterification. In this study, shells from Chicoreus brunneus (known as Adusta murex) were calcined, hydrated, and dehydrated to produce CaO heterogeneous nanocatalyst for the transesterification of rice bran oil into biodiesel. Field emission scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy, surface area measurement (Brunauer-Emmett-Teller method), and X-ray diffraction were used to characterise the seashell-derived catalyst. The properties of the rice bran oil-derived biodiesel (acid value, calorific value, density, oxidation stability, and flash point) conformed to the American Society of Testing and Materials (ASTM) D6751 and European EN 14214 biodiesel standards, except for kinematic viscosity. Therefore, the impact of the parameters used for production of the CaO heterogeneous nanocatalyst (calcination temperature and time) and the transesterification reaction (catalyst loading and methanol to rice bran oil ratio) on the kinematic viscosity of RBO-derived biodiesel were determined. A model for the transesterification process was developed using a combination of artificial neural networking with ant colony optimisation. The model predicted that C. brunneus-derived CaO catalyst prepared at 1100 °C for 72 min could be used to produce biodiesel from rice bran oil with a minimum kinematic viscosity (4.42 mm2 s−1) confirming to both the ASTM D6751 and EN 14214 biodiesel standards in a transesterification reaction operating with a 35:1 methanol to rice bran oil molar ratio and 0.5 wt% catalyst mass.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Ministry of Higher Education, Malaysia and The University of Malaya (Malaysia): Bantuan Khas Penyelidikan (BKP special: BKS054-2017 ), SATU Joint Research Scheme ( ST006-2017 ) and postgraduate research grant (PPP: PG040-2014B )
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biodiesel; Rice bran oil; Transesterification; Alternative fuel; Ant colony optimization; Catalyst
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 27 May 2019 03:10
Last Modified: 24 Oct 2019 03:11
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/21311

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