Effect of Titanium Dioxide on Adhesion and Conductivity Behavior of Polyaniline/Alkyd Composite for Solar Cell Application

Phang, Sook Wai and Ramli, Mariam Fadzlina and Khong, Choy Hung and Lim, Wen Huei and Gan, Seng Neon (2018) Effect of Titanium Dioxide on Adhesion and Conductivity Behavior of Polyaniline/Alkyd Composite for Solar Cell Application. Macromolecular Symposia, 382 (1). p. 1800100. ISSN 1022-1360, DOI https://doi.org/10.1002/masy.201800100.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1002/masy.201800100


This study attempts to improve the adhesion and conductivity of polyaniline (PAni) by incorporating an alkyd and titanium dioxide (TiO 2 ), respectively. PAni with different TiO 2 content (10, 20, and 40%) are synthesized through chemical oxidation method by using aniline (Ani) monomer, dioctyl sodium sulfosuccinate (AOT) dopant, and ammonium persulphate (APS) oxidant at 0 °C for 24 h. In order to improve the adhesion of PAni-TiO 2 on fluoride doped-tin oxide (FTO) glass prior to its application as counter electrode (CE) in Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell (DSSC), a palm oil-based alkyd is added into PAni-TiO 2 composite. Chemical structures of PAni-TiO 2 /Alkyd are confirmed by Fourier transform infrared spectrophotometer (FTIR) and ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis) spectrophotometry analyses. Conductivity measurement is determined by using four point probe method and adhesion test is performed following ASTM D3599. Results showed that conductivity of PAni had significantly improved from 3.53 × 10 −3 (without TiO 2 ) to 8.16 × 10 −3 –6.59 × 10 −2 S cm −1 (with TiO 2 ). However, the conductivity of all PAni-TiO 2 /Alkyd samples on FTO glass showed high conductivity (6.11–6.32 × 10 2 S cm −1 ) and better adhesion behavior on FTO glass except for the sample with 40% of TiO 2 . The plausible mechanisms between PAni-TiO 2 /Alkyd and FTO glass are proposed in this study based on the FTIR and UV-Vis analyses.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Tunku Abdul Rahman University College (TAR UC internal grant, 86003), Malaysian Palm Oil Board
Uncontrolled Keywords: adhesion; conductivity; dye-sensitized solar cell; palm oil-based alkyd; polyaniline; titanium dioxide
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QC Physics
Q Science > QD Chemistry
Divisions: Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 19 Apr 2019 02:15
Last Modified: 19 Apr 2019 02:15
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/21028

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