Structural, optical and electrical properties of ZnO/ZnAl2O4 nanocomposites prepared via thermal reduction approach

Salih, Ethar Yahya and Sabri, Mohd Faizul Mohd and Hussein, Mohd Zobir and Sulaiman, Khaulah and Said, Suhana Mohd and Saifullah, Bullo and Bashir, Mohamed Bashir Ali (2018) Structural, optical and electrical properties of ZnO/ZnAl2O4 nanocomposites prepared via thermal reduction approach. Journal of Materials Science, 53 (1). pp. 581-590. ISSN 0022-2461, DOI

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ZnO/ZnAl2O4 nanocomposites (ZrA-MMO) with homogeneously distributed ZnAl2O4 nanoparticles in the interpenetrating network of ZnO were successfully prepared via two-step solution process, namely co-precipitation of Zn/Al–NO3 layered double hydroxide (ZrA-LDH) precursor and thermal treatment methods. The effect of cation molar ratio (r) between Zn2+ and Al3+ on the morphological, structural, thermal, optical as well as electrical properties of ZnO-based MMOs was investigated in detail. A mechanism study related to the surface modification, optical band edge alteration as well as improvement of electrical conductivity after phase transformation from LDH to MMO was also elucidated. The optimum Z5A-MMO sample presents the highest electrical conductivity of 8.23 × 10−3 S/cm as compared to 7.26 × 10−7 S/cm for the standard ZnO nanocrystal. It is believed that the bathochromic shift in optical band gap of Z5A-MMO plays a pivotal role in facilitating the photoemission process and leads to the increase in number of carrier concentration in the sample. This method could provide alternative pathways for fabricating a high electrical conductivity MMO-based material and benefit in future optoelectronic devices.

Item Type: Article
Funders: University of Malaya: through the Postgraduate Research Grants, PG030-2015B and BKP Special-BKS007/2016
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bathochromic shift; Electrical conductivity; High electrical conductivity; Layered double hydroxides; Mechanism studies; Optical and electrical properties; Photoemission process; Thermal reduction
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Faculty of Science
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 03 Apr 2019 09:00
Last Modified: 03 Apr 2019 09:00

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