Altered body composition, sarcopenia, frailty, and their clinico-biological correlates, in Parkinson's disease

Tan, Ai Huey and Hew, Yin Cheng and Lim, Shen Yang and Mohd Ramli, Norlisah and Kamaruzzaman, Shahrul Bahyah and Tan, Maw Pin and Grossmann, Mathis and Ang, Ban Hong and Tan, Jiun Yan and Manap, Mohamad Addin Azhan A. and Tay, Tun Khong and Tan, Siang Lyn and New, Ru Peng and Fadzli, Farhana and Yee, Eng Jui and Moy, Foong Ming and Mahadeva, Sanjiv and Lang, Anthony E. (2018) Altered body composition, sarcopenia, frailty, and their clinico-biological correlates, in Parkinson's disease. Parkinsonism & Related Disorders, 56. pp. 58-64. ISSN 1353-8020, DOI

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Introduction: Low body weight in Parkinson's disease (PD) is poorly understood despite the associated risks of malnutrition, fractures, and death. Sarcopenia (loss of muscle bulk and strength) and frailty are geriatric syndromes that are likewise associated with adverse health outcomes, yet have received scant attention in PD. We studied body composition, sarcopenia, frailty, and their clinico-biological correlates in PD. Methods: 93 patients and 78 spousal/sibling controls underwent comprehensive assessment of diet, clinical status, muscle strength/performance, frailty, body composition (using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry), and serum levels of neurogastrointestinal hormones and inflammatory markers. Results: PD patients were older than controls (66.0 ± 8.5 vs. 62.4 ± 8.4years, P = 0.003). Mean body mass index (24.0 ± 0.4 vs. 25.6 ± 0.5kg/m2, Padjusted = 0.016), fat mass index (7.4 ± 0.3 vs. 9.0 ± 0.3kg/m2, Padjusted<0.001), and whole-body fat percentage (30.7 ± 0.8 vs. 35.7 ± 0.9%, Padjusted<0.001) were lower in patients, even after controlling for age and gender. There were no between-group differences in skeletal muscle mass index and whole-body bone mineral density. Body composition parameters did not correlate with disease duration or motor severity. Reduced whole-body fat percentage was associated with higher risk of motor response complications as well as higher levels of insulin-growth factor-1 and inflammatory markers. PD patients had a higher prevalence of sarcopenia (17.2% vs. 10.3%, Padjusted = 0.340) and frailty (69.4% vs. 24.2%, Padjusted = 0.010). Older age and worse PD motor severity were predictors of frailty in PD. Conclusions: We found reduced body fat with relatively preserved skeletal muscle mass, and a high prevalence of frailty, in PD. Further studies are needed to understand the patho-mechanisms underlying these alterations.

Item Type: Article
Funders: University of Malaya BKP Research Grant (BK059-2015), University of Malaya Research Grant (UMRG) – AFG (Frontier Science) (RP008D13HTM)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Parkinson's disease; Weight loss; Body composition; Sarcopenia; Frailty
Subjects: R Medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 04 Mar 2019 02:19
Last Modified: 10 Feb 2021 01:17

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