Effect of Air and Argon Sintering Atmospheres on Properties and Hydrothermal Aging Resistance of Y-TZP Ceramics

Ubenthiran, Sutharsini and Thanihaichelvan, Murugathas and Ramesh, Singh (2018) Effect of Air and Argon Sintering Atmospheres on Properties and Hydrothermal Aging Resistance of Y-TZP Ceramics. Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance, 27 (7). pp. 3574-3580. ISSN 1059-9495, DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/s11665-018-3428-1.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11665-018-3428-1


In this work, we investigated the role of sintering atmosphere and temperature on low-temperature degradation of 3 mol.% yttria tetragonal zirconia polycrystals ceramics. Green compacts were prepared by die-pressing followed by cold isostatic pressing at 200 MPa. The green bodies were sintered between the temperature range of 1250 and 1500 °C in air and argon gas atmosphere. Sintered samples were tested to determine bulk density, Young’s modulus, Vickers hardness and fracture toughness. The results revealed that the mechanical properties of air-sintered samples were better than that of argon-sintered samples sintered at 1400 °C and below while the argon sintering marginally improves the fracture toughness and hardness when sintered at 1450 °C and above. FESEM images showed that the tetragonal grain size was similar when sintered in argon atmosphere. However, regardless of sintering atmosphere, grain growth was inevitable as the sintering temperature was increased. Hydrothermal aging test in superheated steam was performed in an autoclave at temperature of 180 °C and 10 bar pressure up to 12 h. Effect of aging on tetragonal-to-monoclinic phase transformation was measured by using x-ray diffraction. The phase transformation was found to be strongly influenced by the sintering temperature and sintering atmosphere. The sample sintered at 1500 °C in argon atmosphere exhibited rapid phase transformation compared to air atmosphere, while the samples sintered at or below 1400 °C in argon showed no phase transformation after 12-h exposure in steam environment.

Item Type: Article
Funders: National Science Foundation, Sri Lanka, under the Grant No. RG/2017/BS/04, University of Jaffna, Sri Lanka, under the Grant No. URG/2018/SEIT/07
Uncontrolled Keywords: aging; argon sintering; grain growth; oxygen vacancy; Y-TZP; zirconia
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QC Physics
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 22 Feb 2019 02:23
Last Modified: 22 Feb 2019 02:23
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/20445

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