Comparative assessment of ethanol and isobutanol addition in gasoline on engine performance and exhaust emissions

Yusoff, Mohd Nur Ashraf Mohd and Zulkifli, Nurin Wahidah Mohd and Masjuki, Haji Hassan and Harith, M.H. and Syahir, A.Z. and Khuong, L.S. and Zaharin, Muhammad Syarifuddin Mohamed and Alabdulkarem, Abdullah (2018) Comparative assessment of ethanol and isobutanol addition in gasoline on engine performance and exhaust emissions. Journal of Cleaner Production, 190. pp. 483-495. ISSN 0959-6526, DOI

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The depletion of fossil fuels is causing great concern and it is important to search for alternatives. Ethanol and isobutanol are suitable for spark ignition engine due to their favorable physicochemical properties that can be blended with pure gasoline to reduce the dependency on petroleum fuels. Six types of fuel blends consisting of ethanol and isobutanol were mixed with gasoline at different volume rates and were tested on a four-cylinder spark ignition engine by varying the engine speeds and engine torques to evaluate their engine performance and exhaust emissions characteristics. The results indicate that the binary blend of E20 gives an increase in torque, brake power and brake thermal efficiency, while the ternary blend of E10iB10 gives an increase in brake specific fuel consumption, compared to that of pure gasoline. In terms of exhaust emissions, E20 and E10iB10 blend show the lowest carbon monoxide and hydrocarbon emissions, respectively, for both conditions. However, all the fuel blends show higher carbon dioxide emissions as compared to pure gasoline. There are no significant differences in nitrogen oxides emissions for all fuel blends with respect to pure gasoline. However, the fuel blends show higher nitrogen oxides emissions at higher engine speeds and torques.

Item Type: Article
Funders: University of Malaya, Malaysia: University of Malaya, Malaysia, Fundamental Research Grant Scheme (FP051-2015A)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Spark ignition engine; Gasoline blend; Engine performance; Exhaust emission; Ethanol; Isobutanol
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 30 Jan 2019 03:23
Last Modified: 30 Jan 2019 03:23

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