Serious Game for Children with Autism to Learn Vocabulary: An Experimental Evaluation

Khowaja, Kamran and Salim, Siti Salwah (2019) Serious Game for Children with Autism to Learn Vocabulary: An Experimental Evaluation. International Journal of Human-Computer Interaction, 35 (1). pp. 1-26. ISSN 1044-7318, DOI

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The use of serious games (SGs) to provide intervention for various skills to children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has increased in the recent years. However, the potential of these games has not been utilized to provide learning of vocabulary to children with ASD. In designing games for children with ASD, there is a need to consider components specifically from the perspectives of ASD and the generic components that can support from the theoretical, content, and game design aspects. In the absence of any existing framework to design games for children with ASD, this article first introduces a framework named serious game design framework (SGDF), constructed to provide support throughout the design process. This framework was constructed based on the extensive review of the literature on ASD and existing SGDFs. The article then focuses on the design and development of a SG prototype based on SGDF. An experimental evaluation prototype was conducted to examine the effectiveness using the withdrawal design of single-subject research design (SSRD) in improving the receptive identification of vocabulary items among children with autism before and after using the prototype. The receptive identification of vocabulary items is measured in terms of the number of correct responses given and the number of attempts made to identify the correct response. The pre- and post-evaluations of the SG prototype show that learning of vocabulary items among children with ASD improved after using the game and they retained items at the end of weeks 1 and 2 following the withdrawal of intervention.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD); language comprehension skills; vocabulary; computer-based intervention (CBI); serious game prototype evaluation
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA76 Computer software
Divisions: Faculty of Computer Science & Information Technology > Department of Software Engineering
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 17 Jan 2019 04:47
Last Modified: 07 Aug 2019 04:52

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