The Effectiveness of Remineralizing Agents on Dentinal Permeability

Berkathullah, Marwah and Farook, Mohideen Salihu and Mahmoud, Okba (2018) The Effectiveness of Remineralizing Agents on Dentinal Permeability. BioMed Research International, 2018. p. 4072815. ISSN 2314-6133, DOI

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the effectiveness of remineralizing agents in reducing dentine permeability by tubule occlusion using fluid filtration device functioning at 100 cmH(2)O (1.4 psi) pressure and SEM/EDX analysis were evaluated and compared. Seventy (n = 70) dentine discs of 1 +/- 0.2 mm width were prepared from sound permanent human molars. Fifty (n = 50) dentine discs were randomly divided into 5 groups (n =10): Group 1: GC Tooth Mousse Plus (Recaldent GC Corporation Tokyo, Japan), Group 2: Clinpro (TM) White Varnish (3M ESPE, USA), Group 3: Duraphat (R) Varnish (Pharbil Waltrop GmbH, Germany), Group 4: Colgate Sensitive Pro-Relief (TM) dentifrice (Colgate Palmolive, Thailand), and Group 5: Biodentine (TM) (Septodont/UK). Dentine permeability was measured after treatment application at 10 minutes, artificial saliva immersion at 7 days, and citric acid challenge for 3 minutes. Data were analyzed by two-way repeated measures ANOVA. Dentine specimens (n = 20) were used for SEM/EDX analyses to obtain qualitative results on dentine morphology and surface deposits. Each treatment agent significantly reduced dentine permeability immediately after treatment application and created precipitates on treated dentine surfaces. All agents increased permeability values after 7 days of artificial saliva immersion except Clinpro White Varnish and Biodentine. Clinpro White Varnish exhibited significant resistance to acid challenge compared to others. Colgate Sensitive Pro-Relief dentifrice has a dual mechanism of action in reducing the dentine sensitivity.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Postgraduate Research Grant (PPP) (Project no. PG151-2014B) and University of Malaya Research Grant (UMRG) (Project no. RG530-13HTM)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Effectiveness; Remineralizing agents; Dentinal permeability
Subjects: R Medicine > RK Dentistry
R Medicine > RK Dentistry > Practice of dentistry. Dental economics
Divisions: Faculty of Dentistry > Dept of Prosthetic Dentistry
Depositing User: Mr Ahmad Azwan Azman
Date Deposited: 26 Dec 2018 02:21
Last Modified: 26 Dec 2018 02:21

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