Detection of schistosoma spindale ova and associated risk factors among Malaysian cattle through coprological survey

Tan, Tiong Kai and Low, Van Lun and Lee, Soo Ching and Panchadcharam, Chandrawathani and Kho, Kai Ling and Koh, Fui Xian and Sharma, Reuben Sunil Kumar and Jaafar, Tariq and Lim, Yvonne Ai Lian (2015) Detection of schistosoma spindale ova and associated risk factors among Malaysian cattle through coprological survey. Japanese Journal of Veterinary Research, 63 (2). pp. 63-71. ISSN 0047-1917, DOI

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The present study was conducted to determine the occurrence of Schistosoma spindale ova and its associated risk factors in Malaysian cattle through a coprological survey. A total of 266 rectal fecal samples were collected from six farms in Peninsular Malaysia. The overall infection rate of S. spindale was 6% (16 of 266). Schistosoma spindale infection was observed in two farms, with a prevalence of 5.4% and 51.9%, respectively. This trematode was more likely to co-occur with other gastro-intestinal parasites (i.e., Dicrocoelium spp., Paramphistomum spp., strongyle, Eimeria spp. and Entamoeba spp.). Chi-square analysis revealed that female cattle are less likely to get S. spindale infection as compared to male cattle (OR = 0.3; 95% CI = 0.08-1.06; p < 0.05), and cattle weighing lower than 200 kg, were significantly at higher risk than those higher than 200 kg (OR = 5; 95% CI = 1.07-24.79; p < 0.05) to the infection. Multivariate analysis confirmed that among the cattle in Malaysia, the age (cattle with two year old and higher: OR = 21; 95% CI = 2.48-179.44; p < 0.05) and weight (weighing 200 kg and lower: OR = 17; 95% CI = 3.38-87.19; p < 0.05) were risk factors for S. spindale infection among Malaysian cattle.

Item Type: Article
Funders: University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur research grant [project PV024/2011B and project RP013-2012A
Uncontrolled Keywords: Schistosoma spindale; Ova; Formalin-ether concentration technique; Risk factors; Malaysian cattle
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QH Natural history
R Medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
Faculty of Science > Institute of Biological Sciences
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 05 Oct 2018 05:03
Last Modified: 05 Oct 2018 05:03

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