A computational fluid dynamics study of the effects of buoyancy on air flow surrounding a building

Yau, Y.H. and Lian, Y.C. (2016) A computational fluid dynamics study of the effects of buoyancy on air flow surrounding a building. Building Services Engineering Research and Technology, 37 (3). pp. 257-271. ISSN 0143-6244, DOI https://doi.org/10.1177/0143624415597399.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0143624415597399


In designing a durable building envelope, the air flow around a building plays an important role. Buoyancy is one of the factors that can affect air flow patterns. The contribution of outdoor buoyancy to the air flow surrounding a building was studied in this research. The building studied was the headquarters of the Malaysian Energy Commission. This building has a unique architectural outlook, and is called the Diamond Building due to its design. Outdoor field data such as air velocity, ambient temperature and surface temperature were collected during physical measurement. Air flow simulation was then carried out using the computational fluid dynamics software ANSYS. A total of four cases were studied in this research. Qualitative and quantitative analyses of the simulation results were carried out to show the influence of the outdoor buoyancy effect on the air flow patterns. The results showed that the air flow surrounding a building had a maximum velocity of 0.69 m/s dominated by the buoyancy effect when no wind was present. If a stronger natural wind of 3 m/s was present, the buoyancy effect was negligible. Practical application: The new findings from the outdoor buoyancy to the air flow surrounding a building in the tropics could be used as an important guide for building design engineers and researchers. The intention is to improve the design of building envelopes. Surrounding air flow has a significant influence on the building's ventilation as well as the outdoor contaminant movement, and it penetrates the building's envelopes. Surrounding airflow, which was considered solely contributed by wind previously, can now be examined at a more accurate airflow pattern by considering the buoyancy effect on airflow.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Air flow; Outdoor buoyancy; Computational fluid dynamics; Green building; ANSYS; Malaysia
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 21 Sep 2018 07:50
Last Modified: 11 Feb 2019 08:46
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/19386

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