Synthesis, characterization, properties of N-succinyl chitosan-g-poly (methacrylic acid) hydrogels and in vitro release of theophylline

Bashir, S. and Teo, Y.Y. and Ramesh, S. and Ramesh, K. (2016) Synthesis, characterization, properties of N-succinyl chitosan-g-poly (methacrylic acid) hydrogels and in vitro release of theophylline. Polymer, 92. pp. 36-49. ISSN 0032-3861, DOI

Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL:


Although there was great interest in the biocompatible and stimuli responsive polymeric materials in oral drug delivery systems in recent years. The stimuli sensitive and swellable hydrogels have got striking attention as promising materials for site specific controlled drug delivery. In the present study, unique biodegradable, biocompatible, swellable, and pH responsive N-succinyl chitosan-g- Poly (methacrylic acid) hydrogels were prepared through free radical mechanism for oral administration of theophylline. In this method, ammonium persulfate (APS) and N, N′-methylenebisacrylamide (MBA) were used as initiator and crosslinking agent, respectively. The physical properties characterization was performed by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), field emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM), and rheometer. The results clearly confirmed the successful formation of N-succinyl chitosan-g- Poly (methacrylic acid) gel. In vitro degradation of hydrogels was found dependent on the ratio of monomers to crosslinking concentration. The effect of concentration of monomers, initiator, and crosslinking agent, pH and ionic strength of salts on swelling behavior was investigated. The results revealed the strong influence of these parameters, on swelling properties. Hydrogel prepared with high concentration of initiator and low crosslinking agent showed maximum swelling. The swelling showed good fitting to second order rate equation and the swelling kinetics data demonstrated the swelling behavior followed non-Fickian anomalous transport mechanism. Furthermore, theophylline loading and encapsulation efficiency (EE %) were found to be 14.5-23.5% and 58-94%, respectively. However, the in vitro release profile of theophylline was found dependent on pH, concentration of monomers, initiator, and crosslinking agent. The maximum release was found to be 90% in simulated intestinal fluid (SIF). The drug release data showed good fitting to Ritger-Peppas model. Moreover, the chemical activity of theophylline was also investigated and found that the drug maintained its chemical activity after in vitro release.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Ministry of Education, Malaysia: High Impact Research Grant (H21001-F000046), University of Malaya Research Grants (RP025A- 14 AFR and RP017C-14AFR)
Uncontrolled Keywords: N-succinyl chitosan; Methacrylic acid; Hydrogels; Properties; Drug release
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QC Physics
Q Science > QD Chemistry
Divisions: Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry
Faculty of Science > Department of Physics
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 07 Dec 2017 03:31
Last Modified: 07 Dec 2017 03:31

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item