Palm oil-based compound as environmentally friendly plasticizer for poly(vinyl chloride)

Ang, D.T.C. and Khong, Y.K. and Gan, S.N. (2016) Palm oil-based compound as environmentally friendly plasticizer for poly(vinyl chloride). Journal of Vinyl and Additive Technology, 22 (1). pp. 80-87. ISSN 1083-5601, DOI

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Many plasticizers have been invented to serve the purpose of making poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) into a more flexible plastic. In this work, the potential of palm oil-based compound (Palm1) as a polymeric plasticizer for PVC was investigated. Plasticization of PVC was conducted via the solvent casting technique, using tetrahydrofuran (THF) as the mutual solvent. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) were used to find evidence of interactions between the plasticizer and PVC. Transition temperatures (Tgs) of the plasticized PVC were obtained using DSC, and their thermal stabilities were evaluated using a thermogravimetric analyzer (TGA). Results from the study show that the polymeric plasticizer could interact with PVC chains via polar interaction involving -C-Cl of PVC and possibly the -OH groups of Palm1. Tg of the PVC was reduced after it was plasticized with Palm1. The results obtained from this study suggest that the Palm1 may have the potential to serve as an environmentally friendly plasticizer for PVC.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Chlorine compounds; Differential scanning calorimetry; Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy; Oil shale; Organic solvents; Palm oil; Plasticizers; Polymers; Reinforced plastics; Solvents
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QD Chemistry
Divisions: Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 17 Nov 2017 06:03
Last Modified: 17 Nov 2017 06:03

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