Statistical modelling and characterization of experimental mm-wave indoor channels for future 5g wireless communication networks

Al-Samman, A.M. and Rahman, T.A. and Azmi, M.H. and Hindia, M.N. and Khan, I. and Hanafi, Effariza (2016) Statistical modelling and characterization of experimental mm-wave indoor channels for future 5g wireless communication networks. PLoS ONE, 11 (9). e0163034. ISSN 1932-6203, DOI

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This paper presents an experimental characterization of millimeter-wave (mm-wave) channels in the 6.5 GHz, 10.5 GHz, 15 GHz, 19 GHz, 28 GHz and 38 GHz frequency bands in an indoor corridor environment. More than 4,000 power delay profiles were measured across the bands using an omnidirectional transmitter antenna and a highly directional horn receiver antenna for both co- and cross-polarized antenna configurations. This paper develops a new path-loss model to account for the frequency attenuation with distance, which we term the frequency attenuation (FA) path-loss model and introduce a frequency-dependent attenuation factor. The large-scale path loss was characterized based on both new and well-known path-loss models. A general and less complex method is also proposed to estimate the cross-polarization discrimination (XPD) factor of close-in reference distance with the XPD (CIX) and ABG with the XPD (ABGX) path-loss models to avoid the computational complexity of minimum mean square error (MMSE) approach. Moreover, small-scale parameters such as root mean square (RMS) delay spread, mean excess (MN-EX) delay, dispersion factors and maximum excess (MAX-EX) delay parameters were used to characterize the multipath channel dispersion. Multiple statistical distributions for RMS delay spread were also investigated. The results show that our proposed models are simpler and more physically-based than other well-known models. The path-loss exponents for all studied models are smaller than that of the free-space model by values in the range of 0.1 to 1.4 for all measured frequencies. The RMS delay spread values varied between 0.2 ns and 13.8 ns, and the dispersion factor values were less than 1 for all measured frequencies. The exponential and Weibull probability distribution models best fit the RMS delay spread empirical distribution for all of the measured frequencies in all scenarios.

Item Type: Article
Funders: Tabung Pusat Kecemerlangan Pengajian Tinggi (HICOE): Grant number A.J090601.5357.07085, Grant number BK012-2015
Uncontrolled Keywords: Antenna (radio); Attenuation; Horn; Polarization; Probability; Statistical distribution; Statistical model; Wireless communication
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 14 Nov 2017 07:50
Last Modified: 12 Jan 2021 05:40

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