Synthesis and application of hierarchical mesoporous HZSM-for biodiesel production from shea butter

Alaba, P.A. and Sani, Y.M. and Mohammed, I.Y. and Abakr, Y.A. and Daud, Wan Mohd Ashri Wan (2016) Synthesis and application of hierarchical mesoporous HZSM-for biodiesel production from shea butter. Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers, 59. pp. 405-412. ISSN 1876-1070, DOI

Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL:


Here, we report the upgrading of shea butter to biodiesel with hierarchical mesoporous ZSM-zeolites (HMZeol). Shea butter is a triglyceride (mainly oleic and steric acid) extracted from African shea tree nut. The catalysts synthesis was by desilication of conventional ZSM-with an aqueous solution of NaOH (0.3 and 0.4 M). XRF, XRD, NH3-TPD and N2 adsorption unveiled the effect of desilication of the parent zeolite. The study investigated the effect of NaOH concentration on matrix area, pore size, mesopore volume and Si/Al ratio. HMZeol showed superior activity on biodiesel yield when compared with the parent ZSM-zeolite. The catalytic material treated with 0.4 M NaOH (0.4HMZeol) gave 74% biodiesel yield at 5:1 methanol/oil molar ratio, 1 wt% catalyst, and 200°C for 3 h reaction time while ZSM-gave 46.05% yield under the same reaction conditions. Further increase in the reaction time to 12 h for 0.4HMZeol, 0.3HMZeol and ZSM-gave 82.12, 79.21, and 72.13% biodiesel yield respectively. These results showed that hierarchical mesoporous HZSM-is a promising solid acid catalyst for biodiesel production via methanolysis.

Item Type: Article
Funders: University of Malaya: Fundamental Research Grant Scheme (FRGS) Grant (project no: FP031-2013A), Chemical Engineering Department, University of Malaya: Grant PG144-2012B
Uncontrolled Keywords: Hierarchical mesoporous ZSM-5 zeolite; Desilication; Transesterification; Shea butter
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering > Department of Chemical Engineering
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 09 Nov 2017 01:50
Last Modified: 19 Mar 2019 03:26

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item