AIPISteg: An active IP identification based steganographic method

Abdullaziz, O.I. and Goh, V.T. and Ling, H.C. and Wong, K.S. (2016) AIPISteg: An active IP identification based steganographic method. Journal of Network and Computer Applications, 63. pp. 150-158. ISSN 1084-8045, DOI

Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL:


IP identification (IPID) is an IP header field which is designed to identify a packet in a communication session. The main purpose of IPID is to recover from IP fragmentation. To the best of our knowledge, most existing IPID based information hiding methods assume that the IPID number is a pseudo random number, which is found to be false. In this paper, we propose a steganographic method by exploiting the IPID field while considering the information from the user data field. First, we analyze the IPID distribution of various operating systems. Subsequently, we put forward a simple data embedding method, which is then refined to mimic the ordinary IPID traffic. Experiments are carried out and the results empirically prove that the proposed method is of high undetectability as compared to the existing IPID based steganographic methods.

Item Type: Article
Funders: University of Malaya HIR under Grant UM.C/625/1/HIR/MOHE/FCSIT/01, B000001-22001 (Project title: Unified Scalable Information Hiding)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Network Steganography; IP Identification; IP Fragmentation; Pseudo Random Number
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
Divisions: Faculty of Computer Science & Information Technology
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 12 Oct 2017 08:04
Last Modified: 12 Oct 2017 08:04

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item