Validation and reliability of the translated Malay version of the psychosocial impact of dental aesthetics questionnaire for adolescents

Wan Hassan, Wan Nurazreena and Mohd Yusof, Zamros Yuzadi and Shahidan, S.S.Z. and Mohd Ali, S.F. and Makhbul, M.Z.M. (2017) Validation and reliability of the translated Malay version of the psychosocial impact of dental aesthetics questionnaire for adolescents. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, 15. p. 23. ISSN 1477-7525, DOI


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Background: This paper describes the cross-cultural adaptation of the Psychosocial Impact of Dental Aesthetics Questionnaire (PIDAQ) into Malay version (Malay PIDAQ), an oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) instrument specific for orthodontics for Malaysian adolescents between 12 and 17 years old. Methods: The PIDAQ was cross-culturally adapted into Malay version by forward-and backward-translation processes, followed by psychometric validations. After initial investigation of the conceptual suitability of the measure for the Malaysian population, the PIDAQ was translated into Malay, pilot tested and back translated into English. Psychometric properties were examined across two age groups (319 subjects aged 12-14 and 217 subjects aged 15-17 years old) for factor structure, internal consistency, reproducibility, discriminant and construct validity, criterion validity, and assessment of floor and ceiling effects. Results: Fit indices by confirmatory factor analysis showed good fit statistics (comparative fit index = 0.936, root-meansquare error of approximation = 0.064) and invariance across age groups. Internal consistency and reproducibility tests were satisfactory (Cronbach's alpha = 0.71-0.91; intra-class correlations = 0.72-0.89). Significant differences in Malay PIDAQ mean scores were observed between subjects with severe malocclusion and those with slight malocclusion based on a self-rated and an investigator-rated malocclusion index, for all subscales and all age groups (p < 0.05). Construct validity of the Malay PIDAQ subscales with those who rated themselves with excellent to poor dental appearance and those who felt they needed or did not need braces, showed significant associations for all age groups (p < 0.05). Criterion validity also showed significant association between the Malay PIDAQ scores with those with and without impact on daily activities attributed to malocclusion. There were no ceiling effects detected but floor effects were detected for the Aesthetic Concern subscale. Conclusion: The study has provided initial evidence for the validity and reliability of the Malay PIDAQ to assess the impact of malocclusion on the OHRQoL of 12-17 year old Malaysian adolescents.

Item Type: Article
Funders: The Ministry of Higher Education Malaysia (FRGS FP033-2015A aka FRGS/1/2015/SKK14/UM/02/2)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Malocclusion; Oral Health-Related Quality of life; Adolescent; Reliability; Validity; Quality-of-life; Cross-cultural adaptation; Child-oidp index; Orthodontic treatment; Young-adults; Measurement invariance; Dentofacial; Deformity; Spanish adolescents; Fit indexes; Validity; Health Care Sciences & Services
Subjects: R Medicine > RK Dentistry > Practice of dentistry. Dental economics
Divisions: Faculty of Dentistry > Dept of Children’s Dentistry And Orthodontics
Faculty of Dentistry > Dept of Community Dentistry
Depositing User: Mr Ahmad Azwan Azman
Date Deposited: 30 May 2017 10:45
Last Modified: 21 Sep 2021 03:24

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