Review on human toxoplasmosis in Malaysia: the past, present and prospective future

Nissapatorn, Veeranoot and Abdullah, Khairul Anuar (2004) Review on human toxoplasmosis in Malaysia: the past, present and prospective future. The Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health, 35 (1). pp. 24-30. ISSN 0125-1562, DOI 15272740.

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We reviewed various studies regarding human toxoplasmosis in Malaysia. They showed a varying prevalence of specific Toxoplasma antibodies among the Malaysian population. The Malays have shown the highest seroprevalence of toxoplasmosis, by most studies, when compared to other races. Demographic profiles have shown that Toxoplasma seropositivity is higher in males than females, lower in people with higher incomes, higher in the unemployed and tends to increase with age. In general, the route of transmission, such as contact with a cat, consumption of undercooked meat and blood transfusion were shown to have no significant association with Toxoplasma seropositivity (p > 0.05). The immune status (CD4 cell count < 200 cell/mm3) was strongly associated with toxoplasmic encephalitis (p < 0.05).

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Department of Parasitology, University of Malaya Medical Centre, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Child, Preschool; Female; Forecasting
Subjects: R Medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
Depositing User: Mr. Faizal Hamzah
Date Deposited: 14 Jun 2011 04:39
Last Modified: 04 Oct 2017 02:09

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