Bio-hydrogen production from food waste through anaerobic fermentation

Godday, O.C. and Levi, O.U. and Agamuthu, Pariatamby (2014) Bio-hydrogen production from food waste through anaerobic fermentation. Sains Malaysiana, 43 (12). pp. 1927-1936. ISSN 0126-6039,

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In order to protect our planet and ourselves from the adverse effects of excessive CO2 emissions and to prevent an imminent non-renewable fossil fuel shortage and energy crisis, there is a need to transform our current `fossil fuel dependent' energy systems to new, clean, renewable energy sources. The world has recognized hydrogen as an energy carrier that complies with all the environmental quality and energy security, demands. This research aimed at producing hydrogen through anaerobic fermentation, using food waste as the substrate. Four food waste substrates were used: Rice, fish, vegetable and their mixture. Bio-hydrogen production was performed in lab scale reactors, using 250 mL serum bottles. The food waste was first mixed with the anaerobic sewage sludge and incubated at 37 degrees C for 31 days (acclimatization). The anaerobic sewage sludge was then heat treated at 80 degrees C for 15 min. The experiment was conducted at an initial pH of 5.5 and temperatures of 27, 35 and 55 degrees C. The maximum cumulative hydrogen produced by rice, fish, vegetable and mixed food waste substrates were highest at 37 degrees C (Rice = 26.97+/-0.76 mL, fish = 89.70+/-1.25 mL, vegetable = 42.00+/-1.76 mL, mixed = 108.90+/-1.42 mL). A comparative study of acclimatized (the different food waste substrates were mixed with anaerobic sewage sludge and incubated at 37 degrees C for 31days) and non-acclimatized food waste substrate (food waste that was not incubated with anaerobic sewage sludge) showed that acclimatized food waste substrate enhanced bio-hydrogen production by 90 -100%.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Acclimatization; anaerobic sewage sludge; bio-hydrogen; food waste; initial pH
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Depositing User: MR Faizal II H
Date Deposited: 20 Jan 2016 10:29
Last Modified: 20 Dec 2019 06:57

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