Rheological behaviour and the hysteresis phenomenon of Al2O3 nanofluids

Said, Z. and Sajid, M.H. and Saidur, R. and Rahim, N.A. and Bhuiyan, M.H.U. (2014) Rheological behaviour and the hysteresis phenomenon of Al2O3 nanofluids. Materials Research Innovations, 18 (S6). pp. 47-50.

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The effects of temperature and low-volume concentration on the dynamic viscosity of the Al2O3/water and Al2O3/ethylene glycol/water nanofluids are investigated. Nanofluids were prepared and characterised. Data were collected for temperatures ranging from 25 to 80 degrees C. The presence of aggregated Al2O3 nanoparticles in the fluid, with average diameter of 109 nm which is similar to 8 times the primary diameter (13 nm) of Al2O3 nanoparticles was witnessed. Furthermore, only at temperature below 40 degrees C water-based alumina nanofluid at 0.05% v/v showed Newtonian behaviour. On the other hand, Al2O3/ethylene glycol/water mixture exhibited Newtonian behaviour. Results clearly showed the presence of a critical temperature, beyond which the particle suspension properties were noticed to be radically changed, which results in activating the hysteresis phenomenon. The hysteresis phenomenon on viscosity measurement, which is believed to be the first observed for ethylene glycol/water-based nanofluids, has raised serious concerns regarding the use of nanofluids for heat transfer enhancement.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Viscosity; Temperature dependence; Hysteresis phenomenon; Nanoparticle aggregation
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Depositing User: MR Faizal II H
Date Deposited: 30 Dec 2015 08:40
Last Modified: 30 Dec 2015 08:40
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/15449

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