Emission and performance improvement analysis of biodiesel-diesel blends with additives

Imtenan, S. and Masjuki, Haji Hassan and Varman, Mahendra and Arbab, M.I. and Sajjad, H. and Fattah, I.M.R. and Abedin, M.J. and Hasib, Abu Saeed Md. (2014) Emission and performance improvement analysis of biodiesel-diesel blends with additives. Procedia Engineering, 90. 472 - 477. ISSN 1877-7058, DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2014.11.759.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2014.11.759


Abstract This experimental investigation evaluates the comparative improvement of palm biodiesel-diesel blend (20 palm biodiesel-80 diesel) with the help of ethanol, n-butanol and diethyl ether as additives regarding emission and performance characteristics. The improved blends consisted 80 diesel, 15 palm biodiesel and 5 additive. Use of additives prominently improved brake power, decreased {BSFC} (brake specific fuel consumption) and increased {BTE} (brake thermal efficiency). Diethyl ether showed highest 6.25 increment of brake power, 3.28 decrement of {BSFC} and about 4 increment of {BTE} than 20 palm biodiesel-diesel blend when used as additive. Other two additives also showed interesting improvement regarding performance. All the blends with additives showed decreased {NO} and {CO} emission but {HC} emission showeda slight increment. However, this experiment reveals comparative suitability of these three additives on improving biodiesel-diesel blend.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: 10th International Conference on Mechanical Engineering, {ICME} 2013 doi: 10.1016/j.proeng.2014.11.759
Uncontrolled Keywords: Diesel-biodiesel blends; Additives; Ethanol; n-butanol; Diethyl ether
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
T Technology > TL Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Dr. Mahendra Varman Munusamy
Date Deposited: 05 Feb 2015 01:53
Last Modified: 18 Oct 2018 02:46
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/12559

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