Base-treated juniper fiber media for removing heavy metals in stormwater runoff

Min, S.H. and Eberhardt, T.L. and Jang, M. (2007) Base-treated juniper fiber media for removing heavy metals in stormwater runoff. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies, 16 (5). pp. 731-738. ISSN 12301485

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Abstract

The viability of base-treated juniper fiber (BTJF) media for removing toxic heavy metals (Cd2+, Cu2-, Pb2+, Zn2+) in stormwater runoff was investigated. The sorption ability of the BTJF for all metals was much higher than that of untreated juniper. The affinity sequence of both materials, BTJF and untreated juniper, was Pb> Cu> Zn≥ Cd. This order is explained by the hydrolysis constants for each metal. A metal desorption and column regeneration test using 0. 1 M nitric acid showed that the metal sorption capacity declined slightly from 136.3 to 119.2 μmole/g in the first two cycles and then more significantly at the third and fourth regeneration, 72.3 and 83.1 μmole/g, respectively. Based on the hydraulic conductivity test of BTJF of different size classes, it can be deduced that there is no major headloss-related disadvantage in using BTJF instead of sand as stormwater filter media if the particle size of the BTJF is similar to that for sand.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Cited By (since 1996):2 Export Date: 16 December 2013 Source: Scopus Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Min, S.-H.; Samsung Corporation, Seohyun Bldg. 279-1, Seohyun-Dong, Gyonggi-Do 463-824, South Korea; email: soohong.min@samsung.com References: JOHNSON, P.D., PITT, R., DURRANS, S.R., URRUTIA, M., Preliminary Data Summary of Urban Storm Water Best Management Practices. Water Environment Research Foundation, Alexandria, VA (2003) WERF Stormwater, , Project 97-IRM-2; EPA Preliminary Data Summary of Urban Storm Water Best Management Practices. Office of Water (4303), Washington D.C. EPA-821-R-99-012, 1999URBONAS B. R. Design of a sand filter for stormwater quality enhancement. Water Environment Research 71, 102, 1999FIELD R., LAI D. F., O'CONNOR T., FAN C. Y. Design of a sand filter for stormwater quality enhancement - B.R. Urbonas, 71, 102 (1999) - Discussion. Water Environ. Res. 72, 631, 2000LAI, C.H., LO, S.L., LIN, C.F., Evaluating an iron-coated sand for removing copper from water (1994) Water Science and Technology, 30, p. 175; HORACEK J., SOUKUPOVA L., PUNCOCHAR M., SLEZAK J., DRAHOS J., YOSHIDA K., TSUTSUMI A. Purification of waste waters containing low concentration of heavy metals. Journal of Hazardous Materials, Proceedings of the Symposium on Hazardous Waste Treatment, Aug 29- Sep 3 1993 37, pp. 69-76, 1994BROWN, P., GILL, S., ALLEN, S.J., Determination of optimal peat type to potentially capture copper and cadmium from solution (2001) Water Environ. Res, 73, p. 351; ZAMZOW, M.J., EICHBAUM, B.R., SANDGREN, K.R., SHANKS, D.E., Removal of heavy metals and other cations from wastewater using zeolites (1990) Separation Science and Technology, 25, p. 1555; PANAYOTOVA, M.I., Kinetics and thermodynamics of copper ions removal from wastewater by use of zeolite (2001) Waste Manage, 21, p. 671; MIN, S.H., HAN, J.S., SHIN, E.W., PARK, J.K., Improvement of cadmium ion removal by base treatment of juniper fiber* 1 (2004) Water Research, 38, p. 1289; PARDO, R., HERGUEDAS, M., BARRADO, E., VEGA, M., Biosorption of cadmium, copper, lead and zinc by inactive biomass of Pseudomonas putida (2003) Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, 376, p. 26; VEERESH, H., TRIPATHY, S., CHAUDHURI, D., HART, B.R., POWELL, M.A., Competitive adsorption behavior of selected heavy metals in three soil types of India amended with fly ash and sewage sludge (2003) Environmental Geology, 44, p. 363; MIN, S.H., (2001) Mechanisms of cadmium removal by base treated juniper fiber, , MS thesis, University of Wisconsin, Madison; PAGNANELLI, F., ESPOSITO, A., TORO, L., VEGLIO, F., (2003) Metal speciation and pH effect on Pb, Cu, Zn, and Cd biosorption onto Sphaerotilus natans: Langmuir-type empirical model, 37, p. 627. , Water Research; TRUJILLO, E.M., JEFFERS, T.H., FERGUSON, C., STEVENSON, H.Q., Mathematically Modeling the Removal of Heavy-Metals from a Waste-Water Using Immobilized Biomass (1991) Environ. Sci. Technol, 25, p. 1559; CHANG, M., TRUSSELL, R.R., GUZMAN, V., MARTINEZ, J., DELANEY, C.K., Laboratory studies on the clean bed headloss of filter media (1999) Journal of Water Services Research and Technology-Aqua, 48, p. 137; SANSALONE, J.J., BUCHBERGER, S.G., Partitioning and first flush of metals in urban roadway storm water (1997) J. Environ. Eng.-ASCE, 123, p. 134
Uncontrolled Keywords: Filter, Heavy metal, Hydraulic conductivity, Juniper, Stormwater, Juniperus
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Mr Jenal S
Date Deposited: 30 Jan 2014 03:46
Last Modified: 30 Jan 2014 03:46
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/9208

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