Mix design for self-compacting palm oil clinker concrete based on particle packing

Kanadasan, J. and Razak, H.A. (2014) Mix design for self-compacting palm oil clinker concrete based on particle packing. Materials & Design, 56. pp. 9-19. ISSN 02613069

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Abstract

The consumption of waste materials in self-compacting concrete (SCC) in the construction industry will not only help to conserve the natural resources but also promote sustainability in preserving the environment. Palm oil clinker (POC) is a waste by-product from the incineration process of oil palm shells and fibres. They are porous and lightweight in nature, which makes them suitable for use as a lightweight aggregate (LWA). In this study, a new procedure was employed to obtain the mix design based on the particle packing (PP) concept to ensure the fresh and hardened properties of SCC are achieved. The actual packing level of aggregate and paste volume is integrated into the proportioning method to obtain the final mix design. The proposed procedure was verified by evaluating the SCC formed for self-compactability and mechanical properties. Based on the overall performance of fresh and hardened properties, it can be deduced that the procedure satisfied the requirements for SCC. The satisfactory results indicate that the mix design can be employed not only for POC but also for a variety of combinations of aggregate. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Export Date: 16 December 2013 Source: Scopus Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Razak, H.A.; StrucHMRS Group, Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; email: hashim@um.edu.my References: He, H., Guo, Z., Stroeven, P., Stroeven, M., Sluys, L.J., Characterization of the packing of aggregate in concrete by a discrete element approach (2009) Mater Charact, 60, pp. 1082-1087; Sobolev, K., Amirjanov, A., Application of genetic algorithm for modeling of dense packing of concrete aggregates (2010) Constr Build Mater, 24, pp. 1449-1455; Shen, S., Yu, H., Characterize packing of aggregate particles for paving materials: particle size impact (2011) Constr Build Mater, 25, pp. 1362-1368; Kwan, A.K.H., Fung, W.W.S., Packing density measurement and modelling of fine aggregate and mortar (2009) Cem Concr Compos, 31, pp. 349-357; Jalal, M., Mansouri, E., Sharifipour, M., Pouladkhan, A.R., Mechanical, rheological, durability and microstructural properties of high performance self-compacting concrete containing SiO2 micro and nanoparticles (2012) Mater Des, 34, pp. 389-400; Girish, S., Ranganath, R.V., Vengala, J., Influence of powder and paste on flow properties of SCC (2010) Constr Build Mater, 24, pp. 2481-2488; Kim, Y.J., Choi, Y.W., Lachemi, M., Characteristics of self-consolidating concrete using two types of lightweight coarse aggregates (2010) Constr Build Mater, 24, pp. 11-16; Uygunoǧlu, T., Topçu, I.B., Thermal expansion of self-consolidating normal and lightweight aggregate concrete at elevated temperature (2009) Constr Build Mater, 23, pp. 3063-3069; Wu, Z., Zhang, Y., Zheng, J., Ding, Y., An experimental study on the workability of self-compacting lightweight concrete (2009) Constr Build Mater, 23, pp. 2087-2092; Memon, S.A., Shaikh, M.A., Akbar, H., Utilization of rice husk ash as viscosity modifying agent in self compacting concrete (2011) Constr Build Mater, 25, pp. 1044-1048; Rukzon, S., Chindaprasirt, P., Utilization of bagasse ash in high-strength concrete (2012) Mater Des, 34, pp. 45-50; Turatsinze, A., Garros, M., On the modulus of elasticity and strain capacity of self-compacting concrete incorporating rubber aggregates (2008) Resour Conserv Recycl, 52, pp. 1209-1215; Elinwa, A.U., Ejeh, S.P., Mamuda, A.M., Assessing of the fresh concrete properties of self-compacting concrete containing sawdust ash (2008) Constr Build Mater, 22, pp. 1178-1182; Topçu, I.B., Bilir, T., Uygunoǧlu, T., Effect of waste marble dust content as filler on properties of self-compacting concrete (2009) Constr Build Mater, 23, pp. 1947-1953; Wang, H.-Y., Huang, W.-L., Durability of self-consolidating concrete using waste LCD glass (2010) Constr Build Mater, 24, pp. 1008-1013; Kou, S.C., Poon, C.S., Properties of self-compacting concrete prepared with coarse and fine recycled concrete aggregates (2009) Cem Concr Compos, 31, pp. 622-627; Najim, K.B., Hall, M.R., Mechanical and dynamic properties of self-compacting crumb rubber modified concrete (2012) Constr Build Mater, 27, pp. 521-530; Felekoglu, B., Utilisation of high volumes of limestone quarry wastes in concrete industry (self-compacting concrete case) (2007) Resour Conserv Recycl, 51, pp. 770-791; Kim, Y.J., Choi, Y.W., Utilization of waste concrete powder as a substitution material for cement (2012) Constr Build Mater, 30, pp. 500-504; Anwar Hossain, K.M., Chloride induced corrosion of reinforcement in volcanic ash and pumice based blended concrete (2005) Cem Concr Compos, 27, pp. 381-390; Okamura, H., Ouchi, M., Self-compacting concrete (2003) J Adv Concr Technol, 1, pp. 5-15; Su, N., Hsu, K.-C., Chai, H.-W., A simple mix design method for self-compacting concrete (2001) Cem Concr Res, 31, pp. 1799-1807; Choi, Y.W., Kim, Y.J., Shin, H.C., Moon, H.Y., An experimental research on the fluidity and mechanical properties of high-strength lightweight self-compacting concrete (2006) Cem Concr Res, 36, pp. 1595-1602; Dinakar, P., Sethy, K.P., Sahoo, U.C., Design of self-compacting concrete with ground granulated blast furnace slag (2013) Mater Des, 43, pp. 161-169; (2005) The European guidelines for self-compacting concrete: specification, production and use, p. 68. , EFNARC; Hwang, C.-L., Bui, L.A.-T., Lin, K.-L., Lo, C.-T., Manufacture and performance of lightweight aggregate from municipal solid waste incinerator fly ash and reservoir sediment for self-consolidating lightweight concrete (2012) Cem Concr Compos, 34, pp. 1159-1166; (2009) Testing hardened concrete - compressive strength of test specimens, , BS EN 12390-3
Uncontrolled Keywords: Fresh and hardened properties, Incineration process, Light weight aggregate, Mix designs, Palm oil clinkers, Particle packings, Paste volume, Self-compacting, Conservation, Construction industry, Hardening, Incineration, Mechanical properties, Palm oil, Self compacting concrete, Sustainable development, Waste incineration, Aggregates
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Mr Jenal S
Date Deposited: 24 Jan 2014 14:51
Last Modified: 29 Oct 2014 00:32
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/9060

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