Distribution, classification, petrological and related gochemical (SRA) characteristics of a tropical lowland peat dome in the Kota Samarahan-Asajaya area, West Sarawak, Malaysia

Zulkifley, M.T.M. and Fatt, N.T. and Abdullah, W.H. and Raj, J.K. and Paramanathan Param, S. and Hashim, Roslan and Ashraf, M.A. (2013) Distribution, classification, petrological and related gochemical (SRA) characteristics of a tropical lowland peat dome in the Kota Samarahan-Asajaya area, West Sarawak, Malaysia. Central European Journal of Geosciences, 5 (2). pp. 285-314. ISSN 20819900

Full text not available from this repository. (Request a copy)
Official URL: http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0...


Petrographic studies indicate that lateral variations in the decomposition levels of peat are associated with the predominantly occurring peat macerals. Source Rock Analyzer (SRA) results indicate lateral variation in peat organic matter types from type II to III and back again to type II, occurring laterally within the top 0-m to 0.5-m layer at the basin margin to the midsection and further towards the near-center areas of the peat dome. This variation is most likely caused by a combination of factors: (a) Horizontal zonation and lateral variation of the dominant species of plant assemblages (b) Fibric (marginal) peats and hemic to sapric peats associated with type II organic matter (kerogen). Sample organic matter (coal-equivalent kerogen) typing indicates that the relative abundance of phytoclasts and palynomorphs generally supports the organic matter classification obtained by the SRA method. Lateral variations in the peat organic matter types may support the lateral vegetation variation concept. The classification of peat organic matter types (interpreted from visual analyses of palynological slides) occurring from the basin periphery to the mid-section and further towards the basin center yields organic matter of type II to type III and mixed types II to III (coal kerogen-equivalent), respectively.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Export Date: 16 December 2013 Source: Scopus Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Department of Geology, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia References: Andriesse, J.P., (1988) Nature and Management of Tropical Peat Soils, , 1st ed. FAO Rome; Kurbatov, I.M., The question of the genesis of peat and its humic acids (1968) Transactions of the Second International Peat Congress, Leningrad. HMSO, Edinburgh, 1, pp. 133-137; Murtedza, M., Padmanabhan, E., Mei, B.L.H., Siong, W.B., (2002) The Peat Soils of Sarawak, , University Malaysia Sarawak Sarawak, Malaysia; Tie, Y.L., Baille, I.C., Phang, C.M.S., Lee, C.P., (1979) Soils of Gunung Mulu National Park, Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia, , Department of Agriculture Sarawak; (1998) Keys to Soil Taxonomy, , Soil Survey Staff 8th ed. US Department of Agriculture Washington, DC; Paramananthan, S., Keys to the identification of Malaysian soils according to parent materials (Mimeo) (2011) Param Agricultural Soil Surveys (M) Sdn. Bhd., Petaling Jaya, Selangor, Malaysia; Wilford, G.E., (1959) Radiocarbon Age Determinations of Quaternary Sediments in Brunei and Northeast Sarawak; Anderson, J.A.R., (1961) The Ecology and Forest Types of the Peat Swamp Forests of Sarawak and Brunei in Relation to Their Siviculture, , University of Edinburgh United Kingdom; Anderson, J.A.R., The structure and development of the peat swamps of Sarawak and Brunei (1964) J. Trop. Geogr., 18, pp. 7-16; Anderson, J.A.R., Observations on the ecology of five peat swamp forests in Sumatra and Kalimantan (1974) Peat and Podsolic Soils and Their Potential for Agriculture in Indonesia, pp. 45-55. , Soil Research Institute Bull. Bogor Indonesia; Anderson, J.A.R., The tropical peat swamps of Western Malesia (1983) Ecosystems of the World, Vol. 4B, Mires: Swamp, Bog, Fen and Moor, pp. 181-199. , A.J. Gore (eds) Elsevier Scientific Publishing Company Amsterdam; Anderson, J.A.R., Muller, J., Palynological study of a Holocene peat and Miocene coal deposit from NW Borneo (1975) Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol., 19, pp. 291-235. , 10.1016/0034-6667(75)90049-4; Cameron, C.C., Esterle, J.S., Palmer, C.A., The geology, botany and chemistry of selected peatforming environments from temperate and tropical latitudes (1989) Int. J. Coal Geol., 12, pp. 105-156. , 10.1016/0166-5162(89)90049-9; Dehmer, J., Petrology and organic geochemistry of peat samples from a raised bog in Kalimantan (Borneo) (1993) Org. Geochem., 20, pp. 349-362. , 10.1016/0146-6380(93)90125-U; Esterle, J.S., Ferm, J.C., Spatial variability in modern tropical peat deposits from Sarawak, Malaysia and Sumatera, Indonesia: Analogues for coal (1994) International Journal of Coal Geology, 26, pp. 1-41. , 10.1016/0166-5162(94)90030-2; Yogeswaran, M., (1995) Geological Considerations in the Development of Kuching Area Dialogue Session. Geological and Geotechnical Considerations in Civil Works, , Geological Survey of Malaysia Kuala Lumpur; Huat, B.B.K., (2004) Organic and Peat Soils Engineering, p. 146. , Universiti Putra Malaysia Press Serdang, Malaysia; (2007) Guideline for Engineering Geological Investigation in Peat and Soft Soils, , Engineering Geology Working Group Minerals and Geoscience Department Malaysia; Jarrett, P.M., (1995) Geoguide 6. Site Investigations for Organic Soils and Peat. J. K. R. Document 20709-0341-95; Lam, S.K., (1989) Quaternary Geology of the Kota Samarahan Area, Sarawak, , Geological Survey Department Malaysia; Fitzpatrick, R.W., Merry, R.H., Williams, J., White, I., Bowman, G., Taylor, G., (1998) Acid Sulfate Soil Assessment: Coastal, Inland and Minesite Conditions; Stout, S.A., Spackman, W., A microscopic investigation of woody tissues in peats: Some processes active in the peatification of Ligno-cellulosic cell walls (1987) Int. J. Coal Geol., 8, pp. 55-68. , 10.1016/0166-5162(87)90022-X; Jaafar, M.Z., (1998) Kajian Petrografi Dan Geokimia Gambut di Kawasan Tanjung Duabelas, Kuala Langat, Selangor, , University of Malaya Kuala Lumpur Petrographic and geochemical study of peat in the Tanjung Duabelas, Kuala Langat, Selangor area; Espitalie, J., Madec, M., Tissot, B.P., Menning, J.J., Leplat, P., Source rock characterization method for exploration (1977) 11 Th Annual Offshore Technology Conference, , Houston, Texas, 2-5 May; Ercegovac, M., Kostic, A., Organic facies and palynofacies: Nomenclature, classification and applicability for petroleum source rock evaluation (2006) Int. J. Coal Geol., 68, pp. 70-78. , 10.1016/j.coal.2005.11.009; Khorasani, G.K., Oil-prone coals of the Waloon Coal Measures, Surat Basin, Australia (1987) Coal and Coal-Bearing Strata: Recent Advances, pp. 303-310. , A. C Scott (eds) The Geological Society Special Publication 32; Thompson, S., Cooper, B., Morely, R.J., Barnard, P.C., Oil generating coals (1985) Petroleum Geochemistry in Exploration of the Norwegian Shelf, pp. 59-73. , B. M Thomas (eds) Graham & Trotman London 10.1007/978-94-009-4199-1-4; Wan Hasiah, A., Abolins, P., Organic petrological and organic geochemical characterization of the Tertiary coal-bearing sequence of Batu Arang, Selangor, Malaysia (1998) J. Asian Earth Sci., 16, pp. 351-367. , 10.1016/S0743-9547(98)00023-3; Wan Hasiah, A., Oil-generating potential of Tertiary coals and other organic-rich sediments of the Nyalau Formation, onshore Sarawak (1999) J. Asian Earth Sci., 17, pp. 255-267. , 10.1016/S0743-9547(98)00043-9; Farhaduzzaman, M., Wan Hasiah, A., Islam, M.A., Depositional environment and hydrocarbon source potential of the Permian Gondwana coals from the Barapukuria Basin, Northwest Bangladesh (2011) Int. J. Coal Geol., 90-91, pp. 162-179; Teichmuller, M., The genesis of coal from the viewpoint of coal petrology (1989) Int. J. Coal Geol., 12, pp. 1-87. , 10.1016/0166-5162(89)90047-5; Stach, E., Mackowsky, M.T., Teichmuller, M., Taylor, G.H., Chandra, D., Teichmuller, R., (1982) Stach's Textbook of Coal Petrology, , 3rd ed. Gebruder Borntraeger Berlin; Buwalda, P., Bosverkenning in de Indragirische Bovenlanden (1975) Rep. For. Res. Sta, Bogor, Indonesia (Unpub.) 1940; Anderson, J.A.R., The flora of the peat swamp forests of Sarawak and Brunei, including a catalogue of all recorded species of flowering plants, ferns and fern allies (1963) Gard. Bull., 20, pp. 131-228; Tie, Y.L., (1990) Studies of Peat Swamps in Sarawak with Particular Reference to Soil-forest Relationships and Development of Domed Shaped Structures, , University of Reading England; Huat, B.B.K., (2004) Organic and Peat Soils Engineering, , Universiti Putra Malaysia Press Serdang, Malaysia; Whitaker, M.F., The usage of palynostratigraphy and palynofacies in definition of Troll Field geology (1984) 6 Th Offshore Northern Seas Conference and Exhibition, Stavanger, , Norway, 21-24 August, Paper G6; Whitaker, M.F., Giles, M.R., Cannon, J.C., Palynological review of the Brent Group, UK sector, North Sea (1992) Geology of the Brent Group, pp. 169-202. , A. C Morton R. Haszeldine M. R Giles S. Brown (eds) Geological Society Special Publication London; Van Der Zwan, C.J., Palynostratigraphy and palynofacies reconstruction of the Upper Jurassic to lowermost Cretaceous of the Draugen Field, offshore mid Norway (1990) Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol., 62, pp. 157-186. , 10.1016/0034-6667(90)90021-A; Batten, D.J., Palynofacies and palaeoenvironmental interpretation (1996) Palynology: Principles and Applications. American Association of Stratigraphic Palynologists Foundation, Nottingham, UK, pp. 1011-1064. , J. Jansonius D. C McGregor (eds)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Organic matter type (coal-equivalent kerogen), palynofacies, phasic community zonation, phytoclasts, tropical lowland peats, Decomposition level, Lateral variations, Organic matter types, Petrographic studies, Relative abundance, Biogeochemistry, Biological materials, Coal, Domes, Kerogen, Organic compounds, Petroleum geology, Peat, abundance, basin, clast, decomposition, dome, maceral, tropical region, vegetation structure, Malaysia
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Mr Jenal S
Date Deposited: 10 Feb 2014 01:35
Last Modified: 31 May 2019 05:18
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/8868

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item