Numerical investigation on reinforcement requirement for piles embedded in clay

Salman, F.A. and Fattah, M.Y. and Mohammed, M.M. and Hashim, Roslan (2010) Numerical investigation on reinforcement requirement for piles embedded in clay. Scientific Research and Essays, 5 (18). pp. 2731-2741. ISSN 19922248

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Abstract

In this study the necessity of reinforcement in concrete pile (bored or driven) is assessed. The soil was assumed to be unsaturated and homogeneous clayey soil. Throughout the study, a finite element computer program was developed and the pile was modeled as a beam-on-elastic foundation. The soil is represented by discrete spring. The stiffness of each spring is considered to be linearly variable with depth. The moment loading, lateral loading, pile length, pile diameter, in addition to the angle of internal friction; soil density and soil cohesion were taken as parameter to study their effect on the extent of reinforcement along the pile shaft. It is concluded that for piles embedded in clay, a length of reinforcement not less than one-half the pile length is needed.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Cited By (since 1996):1 Export Date: 16 December 2013 Source: Scopus Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Salman, F. A.; Department of Civil Engineering, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; email: firasalman@hotmail.com References: (1974) Recommendations For Design, Manufacture, and Installation of Concrete Piles, , ACI Committee 543R, (ACI 543R, 74), American Concrete Institute; Alizadeh, M., Davisson, M.T., Lateral tests on piles - Arkansas River Project (1970) Jsmfe. Asce, 96, pp. 1583-1604. , SM5; Bowles, J.E., (1988) Foundation Analysis and Design, , 4th edition. McGraw-Hill Book Company; Bowles, J.E., (1996) Foundation Analysis and Design, , 5th edition. McGraw-Hill Book Company; Broms, B.T., Deign of laterally loaded piles (1965) Jsmfe. Asce, 91 (SM3), pp. 78-99; (1986) Foundations. Section Seven, , BS 8004, Pile Foundations; Chellis, R.D., (1961) Pile Foundations, , 2nd edition. McGraw-Hill Book Company; (1972) Foundations. Section Seven, , CP 2004, Pile Foundations; Davies, T.G., Budhu, M., Nonlinear analysis of laterally loaded piles in heavily over-consolidated piles (1986) Geotechnique, 36 (4), pp. 527-538; Derrington, J.A., Large bored piles: Notes for guidance (1966) Symposium On Large Bored Piles, , Institute of Civil Engineering and Reinforced Concrete Association. London; Bored piles for conventional type (1975), p. 2741. , DIN 4014, Manufacture, Design, and Permissible Loading(1975) Driven Piles, , Manufacture, Dimensioning, and Permissible Loading DIN 4026; Fleming, W.G.K., Weltman, A.J., Randolph, M.F., Elson, W.K., (1985) Piling Engineering, , 3rd edition. John Wiley and Sons. N.Y; Glick, G.W., Influence of soft ground in the design of long piles (1948) Proc. 2nd Icsmfe, 4, pp. 84-88; Code of practice for design and construction of pile foundations (1964), Indian Standard, Part-I: Load Bearing Concrete Piles IS 2911Jha, J., Sinha, S.K., (1995) Construction and Foundation Engineering, , 6th edition, Khanna Publishing. Delhi; (1987) Reinforced Spun Concrete Piles, , JIS A5310, Japanese Industrial Standard; Matlock, H., Reese, L.C., Generalized solutions for laterally loaded piles (1960) Jsmfe. Asce, 86, pp. 63-91. , SM5; Mohan, D., (1990) Pile Foundations, , Oxford and IBH Publishing Company. PVT Ltd. New Delhi; Palmer, L.A., Thompson, J.B., The earth pressure and deflection along the embedded lengths of piles subjected to lateral thrusts (1948) Proc. 2nd Icsmfe. Rotterdam, 5, pp. 156-161; Poulos, H.G., Behavior of laterally loaded piles: I - single pile (1971) Jsmfe. Asce, 97, pp. 711-731. , SM5; Pyke, R., Beikae, M., A new solution for the resistance of single piles to lateral loading (1984) Laterally Loaded Deep Foundations: Analysis and Performance. Astm Stp 835. Am. Soc. Testing Mater, pp. 3-20. , In Large JA, Mosley ET, Thompsom CD (editors); Randolph, M.F., The response of flexible piles to lateral loading (1981) Geotechnique, 31 (2), pp. 247-259; Reese, L.C., Cox, W.R., Koop, F.D., Field testing and analysis of laterally loaded piles in stiff clay (1975) Proc. 7th Offshore Technology Conf, pp. 671-691; Rennie, I.A., Bearing piles and piling (1986) The Design and Construction of Engineering Foundations, , In Henry FDC (editor). 2nd edition. Chapman and Hall; (1972) Code of Practice For Pile Foundations, , SABS 088, South African Bureau of Standards; Saurin, B.F., The design of reinforced concrete piles with special reference to the reinforcement (1949) J. Institution Civil Eng, 32 (5), pp. 80-109; Sogge, R.L., Laterally loaded pile design (1981) Jged. Asce, 107, pp. 1179-1199. , GT9; Sogge, R.L., Microcomputer analysis of laterally loaded piles (1984) Laterally Loaded Deep Foundations: Analysis and Performance. ASTM STP 835. Am. Soc. Testing Mater, pp. 35-48. , In Large JA, Mosley ET, Thompsom CD (editors); Tomlinson, M., Woodward, J., (2008) Pile Design and Construction Practice, , 5th edition. Taylor and Francis. New York; Verruijt, A., Kooijman, A.P., Laterally loaded piles in a layered elastic medium (1989) Geotechnique, 39 (1), pp. 39-46; Whitaker, T., (1976) The Design of Piled Foundations, , 2nd edition. Pergamon Press
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bored piles, Clay, Driven piles, Pile reinforcement, Reinforcement requirements
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Mr Jenal S
Date Deposited: 07 Jan 2014 00:44
Last Modified: 31 May 2019 05:02
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/8850

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