Utilization of waste plastic bottles in asphalt mixture

Moghaddam, T.B. and Karim, M.R. and Soltani, M. (2013) Utilization of waste plastic bottles in asphalt mixture. Journal of Engineering Science and Technology, 8 (3). pp. 264-271. ISSN 18234690

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Abstract

Nowadays, large amounts of waste materials are being produced in the world. One of the waste materials is plastic bottle. Generating disposable plastic bottles is becoming a major problem in many countries. Using waste plastic as a secondary material in construction projects would be a solution to overcome the crisis of producing large amount of waste plastics in one hand and improving the structure's characteristics such as resistance against cracking on the other hand. This study aimed to investigate the effects of adding plastic bottles in road pavement. Marshall properties as well as specific gravity of asphalt mixture containing different percentages of plastic bottles were evaluated. Besides, Optimum Asphalt Content (OAC) was calculated for each percentages of plastic bottles used in the mix. The stiffness and fatigue characteristics of mixture were assessed at OAC value. Results showed that the stability and flow values of asphalt mixture increased by adding waste crushed plastic bottle into the asphalt mixture. Further, it was shown that the bulk specific gravity and stiffness of mixtures increased by adding lower amount of plastic bottles; however, adding higher amounts of plastic resulted in lower specific gravity and mix stiffness. In addition, it was concluded that the mixtures containing waste plastic bottles have lower OAC values compared to the conventional mixture, and this may reduce the amount of asphalt binder can be used in road construction projects. Besides, the mixtures containing waste plastic showed significantly greater fatigue resistance than the conventional mixture.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Export Date: 16 December 2013 Source: Scopus Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Moghaddam, T. B.; Centre for Transportation Research, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; email: p.baghaee@gmail.com References: Shi, B., Liang, H., Kuhn, T.B., Duffy, L.K., Surface properties of cell-treated polyethylene terephthalate (2006) American Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, 2 (4), pp. 170-174; Siddiqui, M.N., Conversion of hazardous plastic wastes into useful chemical products (2009) Journal of Hazardous Materials, 167 (1-3), pp. 728-735; Moghaddam, T.B., Karim, M.R., Mahrez, A., A review on fatigue and rutting performance of asphalt mixes (2011) Scientific Research and Essays, 6 (4), pp. 670-682; Moghaddam, T.B., Karim, M.R., Syammaun, T., Dynamic properties of stone mastic asphalt mixtures containing waste plastic bottles (2012) Construction and Building Materials, 34, pp. 236-242; Asi, I.M., Laboratory comparison study for the use of stone matrix asphalt in hot weather climates (2006) Construction and Building Materials, 20 (10), pp. 982-989; (2002) Designing and Constructing SMA Mixtures: State-of-the-practice, p. 122. , NAPA, National Asphalt Pavement Association, Quality Improvement Series; Hinislioǧlu, S., Aǧar, E., Use of waste high density polyethylene as bitumen modifier in asphalt concrete mix (2004) Materials Letters, 58 (3-4), pp. 267-271
Uncontrolled Keywords: Asphalt mixture, Mixture properties, Waste plastic
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Mr Jenal S
Date Deposited: 07 Apr 2014 02:22
Last Modified: 07 Apr 2014 02:22
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/8803

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