Production of carbon molecular sieves from palm shell based activated carbon by pore sizes modification with benzene for methane selective separation

Adinata, D. and Daud, W.M.A.W. and Aroua, M.K. (2007) Production of carbon molecular sieves from palm shell based activated carbon by pore sizes modification with benzene for methane selective separation. Fuel Processing Technology, 88 (6). pp. 599-605. ISSN 0378-3820

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Abstract

Palm shell based activated carbon prepared by K2CO3 activation is used as precursor in the production of carbon molecular sieve by chemical vapor deposition (CVD) method using benzene as depositing agent. The influences of deposition temperature, time, and flow rate of benzene on pore development of carbon molecular sieve (CMS) and methane (CH4) adsorption capacity were investigated. The parameters that varied are the deposition temperature range of 600 to 1000 °C, time from 5.0 to 60 min, and benzene flow rate from 3.0 to 15 mL/min. The results show that in all cases, increasing the deposition temperature, time, and flow rate of benzene result in a decrease in adsorption capacity of N2, pore volume and pore diameter of CMS. The BET surface area of CMS (approximately 1065 m2/g) and the adsorption capacity of CH4 were at a maximum value at a deposition temperature of 800 °C, time of 20 min and benzene flow rate of 6 mL/min. The product has a good selectivity for separating CH4 from carbon dioxide (CO2), nitrogen (N2), and oxygen (O2).

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Cited By (since 1996):15 Export Date: 21 April 2013 Source: Scopus CODEN: FPTED :doi 10.1016/j.fuproc.2007.01.009 Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Wan Daud, W.M.A.; Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; email: ashri@um.edu.my References: Orfanoudaki, T., Skodras, G., Dolios, I., Sakellaropoulos, G.P., Production of carbon molecular sieves by plasma treated activated carbon fibers (2003) Fuel, 82, pp. 2045-2049; Villar-Rodil, S., Denoyel, R., Rouquerol, J., Martinez-lonso, A., Tascon, J.M.D., The use of microcalorimetry to assess the size exclusion properties of carbon molecular sieve (2004) Thermochimica Acta, 420, pp. 141-144; Moreira, R.F.P.M., Jose, H.J., Rodrigues, A.E., Modification of pore size in activated carbon by polymer deposition and its effects on molecular sieve selectivity (2001) Carbon, 39, pp. 2269-2276; Horikawa, T., Hayashi, J., Muroyama, K., Preparation of molecular sieving carbon from waste resin by chemical vapor deposition (2002) Carbon, 40, pp. 709-714; Bello, G., Garcia, R., Arriagada, R., Sepulveda-Escribano, A., Rodriguez-Reinoso, F., Carbon molecular sieves from Eucalyptus globules charcoal (2002) Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, 56, pp. 139-145; Hu, Z., Vansant, E.F., Carbon molecular sieves produced from walnut shell (1995) Carbon, 33, pp. 561-567; Arriagada, R., Bello, G., Garcia, R., Rodriguez-Reinoso, F., Sepulveda-Escribano, A., Carbon molecular sieves from hardwood carbon pellets. The influence of carbonization temperature in gas separation properties (2005) Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, 81, pp. 161-167; Villar-Rodil, S., Navarrete, R., Denoyel, R., Albiniak, A., Paredes, J.I., Martinez-Alonso, A., Tascon, J.M.D., Carbon molecular sieve cloths prepared by chemical vapour deposition of methane for separation of gas mixtures (2005) Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, 77, pp. 109-118; Kawabuchi, Y., Oka, H., Kawano, S., Mochida, I., Yoshizawa, N., The modification of pore size in activated carbon fibers by chemical vapor deposition and its effects on molecular sieve selectivity (1998) Carbon, 36, pp. 377-382; de la Casa-Lillo, M.A., Moore, B.C., Cazorla-Amoros, D., Linares-Solano, A., Molecular sieve properties obtained by cracking of methane on activated carbon fibers (2002) Carbon, 40, pp. 2489-2494; Bruggert, M., Hu, Z., Huttinger, K.J., Chemistry and chemical vapor deposition of pyrocarbon VI influence of temperature using methane as carbon source (1999) Carbon, 37, pp. 2021-2030; Vyas, S.N., Patwardhan, S.R., Gangadhar, B., Carbon molecular sieves from bituminous coal by controlled coke deposition (1992) Carbon, 30, pp. 605-612; Vyas, S.N., Patwardhan, S.R., Vijayalakshmi, S., Gangadhar, B., Synthesis of carbon sieves by activation and coke deposition (1993) Fuel, 72, pp. 551-555; Lizzio, A.A., Rostam-Abadi, M., Production of carbon molecular sieves from Illinois coal (1993) Fuel Processing Technology, 34, pp. 97-122; Tan, J.S., Ani, F.N., Carbon molecular sieves produced from oil palm shell for air separation (2004) Separation and Purification Technology, 35, pp. 47-54; Wan Daud, W.M.A.W., Wan Ali, W.S.W., Comparison on pore development of activated carbon produced from palm shell and coconut shell (2004) Bioresource Technology, 93, pp. 63-69; Valladares, D.L., Rodriguez Reinoso, F., Zgrablich, G., Characterization of active carbons: the influence of the method in the determination of the pore size distribution (1998) Carbon, 36, pp. 1491-1499; Nguyen, C., Do, D.D., Preparation of carbon molecular sieves from macadamia nut shells (1995) Carbon, 33, pp. 1717-1725; Freitas, M.M.A., Figueiredo, J.L., Preparation of carbon molecular sieves for gas separations by modification of the pore sizes of activated carbons (2001) Fuel, 80, pp. 1-6; Gomez-de-Salazar, C., Sepulveda-Escribano, A., Rodriguez-Reinoso, F., Preparation of carbon molecular sieves by controlled oxidation treatments (2000) Carbon, 38, pp. 1879-1902; De La Casa-Lillo, M.A., Alcaniz-Monge, J., Raymundo-Pinero, E., Cazorla-Amoros, D., Linares-Salano, A., Molecular sieve properties of general-purpose carbon fibres (1998) Carbon, 36, pp. 1353-1360; Sykes, M.L., Chagger, H., Thomas, K.M., Assessment of kinetics, selectivity and capacity in carbon molecular sieves by flow microcalorimetry (1993) Carbon, 31, pp. 827-832; Reid, C.R., O'koye, I.P., Thomas, K.M., Adsorption of gases on carbon molecular sieves used for air separation. Spherical adsorptives as probes for kinetic selectivity (1998) Langmuir, 14, pp. 2415-2425
Uncontrolled Keywords: Activated carbon; Carbon molecular sieve; Chemical vapor deposition; Methane; Benzene; Flow rate; Molecular sieves; Pore size; Adsorption capacity; Depositing agents; Deposition temperature; Methane selective separation.
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Mr Jenal S
Date Deposited: 17 Jul 2013 06:46
Last Modified: 08 Nov 2017 09:13
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/7483

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