Adsorption capacities of carbon dioxide, oxygen, nitrogen and methane on carbon molecular basket derived from polyethyleneimine impregnation on microporous palm shell activated carbon

Aroua, M.K. and Daud, W.M.A.W. and Yin, C.Y. and Adinata, D. (2008) Adsorption capacities of carbon dioxide, oxygen, nitrogen and methane on carbon molecular basket derived from polyethyleneimine impregnation on microporous palm shell activated carbon. Separation and Purification Technology, 62 (3). pp. 609-613. ISSN 1383-5866

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Abstract

In this study, palm shell-based activated carbon (AC) was used as precursor in the production of carbon molecular basket (CMB) via impregnation of polyethyleneimine (PEI). The effects of amount of PEI impregnated on AC on carbon dioxide (CO2), oxygen (O2), nitrogen (N2), and methane (CH4) adsorption capacities of CMB were investigated. Molecular basket was produced at PEI weight percentages of 0.06, 0.11, 0.13, 0.26, 0.27 and 0.28 wt%. Adsorption capacities of CO2, O2, N2 and CH4 were enhanced with increasing PEI impregnation from virgin AC to 0.26 wt% PEI/AC before the capacities decreased onwards for 0.28 and 0.29 wt% PEI/AC. The amount of PEI impregnation determined for optimum uptake of gas adsorption was 0.26 wt% PEI/AC. The maximum adsorption capacity for the gases follows the sequence: CO2 ≫ CH4 > O2 > N2 for all the CMB samples.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Cited By (since 1996):18 Export Date: 21 April 2013 Source: Scopus CODEN: SPUTF :doi 10.1016/j.seppur.2008.03.003 Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Aroua, M.K.; Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; email: mkaroua@um.edu.my References: Tan, J.S., Ani, F.N., Carbon molecular sieves produced from oil palm shell for air separation (2004) Sep. Purif. Technol., 35, pp. 47-54; Adinata, D., Daud, W.M.A.W., Aroua, M.K., Production of carbon molecular sieves from palm shell based activated carbon by pore sizes modification with benzene for methane selective separation (2007) Fuel Proc. Technol., 88, pp. 599-605; Daud, W.M.A.W., Ahmad, M.A., Aroua, M.K., Carbon molecular sieves from palm shell: effect of the benzene deposition times on gas separation properties (2007) Sep. Purif. Technol., 57 (2), pp. 289-293; Xu, X., Song, C., Andresen, J.M., Miller, B.G., Scaroni, A.W., Novel polyethyleneimine-modified mesoporous molecular sieve of MCM-41 type as high-capacity adsorbent for CO2 capture (2002) Energy Fuels, 16, pp. 1463-1469; Xu, X., Song, C., Miller, B.G., Scaroni, A.W., Adsorption separation of carbon dioxide from flue gas of natural gas-fired boiler by a novel nanoporous "molecular basket" adsorbent (2005) Fuel Proc. Technol., 86, pp. 1457-1472; Xu, X., Song, C., Andresen, J.M., Miller, B.G., Scaroni, A.W., Preparation and characterization of novel CO2 "molecular basket" adsorbents based on polymer modified mesoporous molecular sieve MCM-41 (2003) Micropor. Mesopor. Mater., 62, pp. 29-45; Maroto-Valer, M.M., Tang, Z., Zhang, Y., CO2 capture by activated and impregnated anthracites (2005) Fuel Proc. Technol., 86, pp. 1487-1502; Przepiórski, J., Skrodzewicz, M., Morawski, A.W., High temperature ammonia treatment of activated carbon for enhancement of CO2 adsorption (2004) Appl. Surf. Sci., 225, pp. 235-242; Attia, A.A., Rashwan, W.E., Khedr, S.A., Capacity of activated carbon in the removal of acid dyes subsequent to its thermal treatment (2006) Dyes Pigments, 69, pp. 128-136; Tomaszewski, W., Gun'ko, V.M., Skubiszewska-Zieba, J., Leboda, R., Structural characteristics of modified activated carbons and adsorption of explosives (2003) J. Colloid Interf. Sci., 266, pp. 388-402; Swiatkowski, A., Pakula, M., Biniak, S., Walczyk, M., Influence of the surface chemistry of modified activated carbon on its electrochemical behaviour in the presence of lead(II) ions (2004) Carbon, 42, pp. 3057-3069; Zhou, L., Liu, X., Li, J., Wang, N., Wang, Z., Zhou, Y., Synthesis of ordered mesoporous carbon molecular sieve and its adsorption capacity for H2, N2, O2, CH4 and CO2 (2005) Chem. Phys. Lett., 413, pp. 6-9; Hu, Z., Vansant, E.F., Carbon molecular sieves produced from walnut shell (1995) Carbon, 33, pp. 561-567; Mochida, I., Yatsunami, S., Kawabuchi, Y., Nkayama, Y., Influence of heat treatment on the selective separation of CO2 in a model natural gas over molecular sieve carbons (1995) Carbon, 33, pp. 1611-1619; Reid, C.R., Thomas, K.M., Adsorption of gases on carbon molecular sieves used for air separation: linear adsorptives for kinetic selectivity (1999) Langmuir, 15, pp. 3206-3218; Valente-Nabais, J.M., Carrott, P.J.M., Ribeiro Carrott, M.M.L., Padre-Eterno, A.M., Menendez, J.A., Dominguez, A., Ortiz, A.L., New acrylic monolithic carbon molecular sieves for O2/N2 and CO2/CH4 separations (2006) Carbon, 44, pp. 1158-1165
Uncontrolled Keywords: Adsorption; Carbon molecular basket; Gas separation; Palm shell activated carbon; Polyethyleneimine; Carbon; Carbon dioxide; Charcoal; Gas adsorption; Impregnation; Methane; Molecular oxygen; Nitrogen; Nonmetals; Oxygen; Shells (structures); Activated carbon (AC); Adsorption capacities; Micro porous; Palm shell; Polyethylene imine (PEI); Activated carbon; Imines; Polyethylene; Shells.
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Mr Jenal S
Date Deposited: 17 Jul 2013 02:27
Last Modified: 08 Nov 2017 08:35
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/7457

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