Fixed-bed adsorption of metal ions from aqueous solution on polyethyleneimine-impregnated palm shell activated carbon

Yin, C.Y. and Aroua, M.K. and Daud, W.M.A.W. (2009) Fixed-bed adsorption of metal ions from aqueous solution on polyethyleneimine-impregnated palm shell activated carbon. Chemical Engineering Journal, 148 (1). pp. 8-14. ISSN 1385-8947

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Abstract

Fixed-bed adsorption studies with virgin and polyethyleneimine (PEI)-impregnated palm shell activated carbon (AC) as a media for the removal of single Ni2+ or Cu2+ ions from aqueous solution were conducted. The studies were conducted in a vertical down flow Perspex column with influent pH at 5 with either Ni2+ or Cu2+ had an influent concentration of 1 mmol/L. The adsorption data were fitted to three-well-established fixed-bed adsorption models, namely, bed-depth-service-time (BDST), Thomas and Yoon-Nelson models. It was observed that PEI impregnation at 8.41 wt had increased the breakthrough volume and service time of AC by factors of 2.1 (Cu2+) and 1.6 (Ni2+) as compared to virgin AC. For Cu2+ adsorption, the modelled BDST, Thomas and Yoon-Nelson curves were in very good agreement with the experimental curves while it was conversely true for Ni2+ adsorption. © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Cited By (since 1996):7 Export Date: 21 April 2013 Source: Scopus CODEN: CMEJA :doi 10.1016/j.cej.2008.07.032 Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Yin, C.Y.; Faculty of Chemical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia; email: yinyang@salam.uitm.edu.my References: Chen, J.P., Wang, X.Y., Removing copper, zinc and lead ion by granular activated carbon in pretreated fixed-bed columns (2000) Sep. Purif. Technol., 19, pp. 157-167; Monser, L., Adhoum, N., Modified activated carbon for the removal of copper, zinc, chromium and cyanide from wastewater (2002) Sep. Purif. Technol., 26, pp. 137-146; Ali, U.F.M., Aroua, M.K., Daud, W.M.A.W., Modification of a granular palm shell based activated carbon by acid pre-treatment for enhancement of copper adsorption (2004) Proceedings of the Third Technical Postgraduate Symposium (TECHPOS'04) 15-16 December, pp. 75-79. , Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; Jia, Y.F., Thomas, K.M., Adsorption of cadmium ions on oxygen surface sites in activated carbon (2000) Langmuir, 16, pp. 1114-1122; Vladimir, S.J., Malik, D., Characterization and metal sorptive properties of oxidized active carbon (2002) J. Colloid Interf. Sci., 250, pp. 213-220; Park, S.J., Jang, Y.S., Pore structure and surface properties of chemically modified activated carbons for adsorption mechanism and rate of Cr(IV) (2002) J. Colloid Interf. Sci., 249, pp. 458-463; Mugisidi, D., Ranaldo, A., Soedarsono, J.W., Hikam, M., Modification of activated carbon using sodium acetate and its regeneration using sodium hydroxide for the adsorption of copper from aqueous solution (2007) Carbon, 45, pp. 1081-1084; Yin, C.Y., Aroua, M.K., Daud, W.M.A.W., Impregnation of palm shell activated carbon with polyethyleneimine and its effects on Cd2+ adsorption (2007) Colloids Surf. A, 307, pp. 128-136; Issabayeva, G., (2005) Adsorption and electroreduction of copper and lead ions on palm shell activated carbon, , Ph.D. Thesis, University of Malaya, Malaysia; (2002) Malaysian Environmental Quality Report, , Department of Environment DOE, ISSN 0127-6433; Schurer, J.W., Hoedemaeker, P.H.J., Molenaar, I., Polyethyleneimine as tracer particle for (immuno) electron microscopy (1977) J. Histochem. Cytochem., 25, pp. 384-387; Chen, J.P., Yoon, J.T., Yiacoumi, S., Effects of chemical and physical properties of influent on copper sorption onto activated carbon fixed-bed columns (2003) Carbon, 41, pp. 1635-1644; Quek, S.Y., Al-Duri, B., Application of film-pore diffusion model for the adsorption of metal ions on coir in a fixed-bed column (2007) Chem. Eng. Process, 46, pp. 477-485; Chen, J.P., Wang, L., Characterization of metal adsorption kinetic properties in batch and fixed-bed reactors (2004) Chemosphere, 54, pp. 397-404; Juang, R.S., Chen, M.N., Measurement of binding constants of poly(ethylenimine) with metal ions and metal chelates in aqueous media by ultrafiltration (1996) Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 35, pp. 1935-1943; Brauch, V., Schlunder, E.U., The scale-up of activated carbon columns for water purification, based on results from batch tests (1975) Chem. Eng. Sci., 30, pp. 539-548; Kundu, S., Gupta, A.K., As(III) removal from aqueous medium in fixed bed using iron oxide-coated cement (IOCC): experimental and modeling studies (2007) Chem. Eng. J., 129, pp. 123-131; Singh, T.S., Pant, K.K., Experimental and modelling studies on fixed bed adsorption of As(III) ions from aqueous solution (2006) Sep. Purif. Technol., 48, pp. 288-296; Hutchins, R.A., New simplified design of activated carbon system (1973) Am. J. Chem. Eng., 80, pp. 133-138; Thomas, H.C., Heterogeneous ion exchange in a flowing system (1944) J. Am. Chem. Soc., 66, pp. 1664-1666; Yoon, Y.H., Nelson, J.H., Application of gas adsorption kinetics. Part 1. A theoretical model for respirator cartridge service time (1984) Am. Ind. Hyg. Assoc. J., 45, pp. 509-516; Malkoc, E., Nuhoglu, Y., Abali, Y., Cr(VI) adsorption by waste acorn of Quercus ithaburensis in fixed beds: prediction of breakthrough curves (2006) Chem. Eng. J., 119, pp. 61-68
Uncontrolled Keywords: Copper; Fixed-bed adsorption; Modelling; Nickel; Polyethyleneimine-impregnated activated carbon; Adsorption; Charcoal; Metal ions; Metal recovery; Nickel alloys; Solutions; Adsorption datum; Aqueous solutions; Concentration of;Experimental curves;Palm shell-activated carbons; Service time; Vertical downs; Activated carbon.
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Mr Jenal S
Date Deposited: 16 Jul 2013 06:49
Last Modified: 08 Nov 2017 08:39
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/7437

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