Activity of solid catalysts for biodiesel production: A review

Zabeti, M. and Daud, W.M.A.W. and Aroua, M.K. (2009) Activity of solid catalysts for biodiesel production: A review. Fuel Processing Technology, 90 (6). pp. 770-777. ISSN 0378-3820

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Abstract

Heterogeneous catalysts are promising for the transesterification reaction of vegetable oils to produce biodiesel. Unlike homogeneous, heterogeneous catalysts are environmentally benign and could be operated in continuous processes. Moreover they can be reused and regenerated. However a high molar ratio of alcohol to oil, large amount of catalyst and high temperature and pressure are required when utilizing heterogeneous catalyst to produce biodiesel. In this paper, the catalytic activity of several solid base and acid catalysts, particularly metal oxides and supported metal oxides, was reviewed. Solid acid catalysts were able to do transesterification and esterification reactions simultaneously and convert oils with high amount of FFA (Free Fatty Acids). However, the reaction rate in the presence of solid base catalysts was faster. The catalyst efficiency depended on several factors such as specific surface area, pore size, pore volume and active site concentration.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Cited By (since 1996):132 Export Date: 21 April 2013 Source: Scopus CODEN: FPTED :doi 10.1016/j.fuproc.2009.03.010 Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Wan Daud, W.M.A.; Chemical Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, University Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; email: ashri@um.edu.my References: Lin, C.-Y., Lin, H.-A., Hung, L.-B., Fuel structure and properties of biodiesel produced by peroxidation process (2006) Fuel, 85, pp. 1743-1749; Pinto, A.C., Guarieiro, L.L.N., Rezende, M.J.C., Ribeiro, N.M., Torres, E.A., Lopes, W.A., de Pereira, P.A., de Andrade, J.B., Biodiesel: an overview (2005) Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society, 16, pp. 1313-1330; Dorado, M.P., Ballesteros, E., Arnal, J.M., Gómez, J., López, F.J., Exhaust emissions from a diesel engine fueled with transesterified waste olive oil (2003) Fuel, 82, pp. 1311-1315; Dubé, M.A., Tremblay, A.Y., Liu, J., Biodiesel production using a membrane reactor (2007) Bioresource Technology, 98, pp. 639-647; 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Uncontrolled Keywords: Biodiesel; Catalyst activity; Catalyst support; Heterogeneous catalyst; Transesterification; Acid catalysts; Active sites; Biodiesel productions; Catalyst efficiencies; Catalytic activities; Continuous process; Environmentally benign; Esterification reactions; Free fatty acids; High temperature and pressures; Metal oxides; Molar ratios; Pore volumes; Solid acid catalysts; Solid base; Solid base catalysts; Solid catalysts; Supported metals; Transesterification reactions; Acids; Catalysis; Esterification; Esters; Fatty acids; Flood control; Polymer blends; Reaction rates; Vegetable oils; Catalyst supports.
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Mr Jenal S
Date Deposited: 16 Jul 2013 06:53
Last Modified: 08 Nov 2017 09:12
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/7435

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