Potassium hydroxide catalyst supported on palm shell activated carbon for transesterification of palm oil

Baroutian, S. and Aroua, M.K. and Abdul Raman, A.A. and Sulaiman, N.M.N. (2010) Potassium hydroxide catalyst supported on palm shell activated carbon for transesterification of palm oil. Fuel Processing Technology, 91 (11). pp. 1378-1385. ISSN 0378-3820

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Abstract

In this study, potassium hydroxide catalyst supported on palm shell activated carbon was developed for transesterification of palm oil. The Central Composite Design (CCD) of the Response Surface Methodology (RSM) was employed to investigate the effects of reaction temperature, catalyst loading and methanol to oil molar ratio on the production of biodiesel using activated carbon supported catalyst. The highest yield was obtained at 64.1 °C reaction temperature, 30.3 wt. catalyst loading and 24:1 methanol to oil molar ratio. The physical and chemical properties of the produced biodiesel met the standard specifications. This study proves that activated carbon supported potassium hydroxide is an effective catalyst for transesterification of palm oil.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Cited By (since 1996):22 Export Date: 21 April 2013 Source: Scopus CODEN: FPTED :doi 10.1016/j.fuproc.2010.05.009 Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Aroua, M. K.; Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; email: mkaroua@um.edu.my References: Meher, L.C., Vidya Sagar, D., Naik, S.N., Technical aspects of biodiesel production by transesterification - A review (2006) Renew. Sust. Energ. Rev., 10, pp. 248-268; Barnwal, B.K., Sharma, M.P., Prospects of biodiesel production from vegetables oils in India (2005) Renew. Sust. Energ. Rev., 9, pp. 363-378; (2008) Oil World - Statistics Update, pp. 15-68. , ISTA Mielke GmbH Hamburg; (2007) Malaysian Oil Palm Statistics, , Malaysian Palm Oil Board MPOB; Baroutian, S., Aroua, M.K., Raman, A.A.A., Sulaiman, N.M.N., Density of palm oil-based methyl ester (2008) J. Chem. Eng. 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Uncontrolled Keywords: Biodiesel; Optimization; Potassium hydroxide; Carbon supported catalyst; Catalyst loadings; Central composite designs; Molar ratio; Palm oil; Palm shell-activated carbon; Physical and chemical properties; Reaction temperature; Response Surface Methodology; Activated carbon; Chemical properties; Methanol; Potassium; Transesterification; Vegetable oils; Catalyst supports.
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Mr Jenal S
Date Deposited: 16 Jul 2013 05:10
Last Modified: 13 Sep 2017 08:16
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/7431

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