Study on palm shell activated carbon adsorption capacity to remove copper ions from aqueous solutions

Issabayeva, G. and Aroua, M.K. and Sulaiman, N.M. (2010) Study on palm shell activated carbon adsorption capacity to remove copper ions from aqueous solutions. Desalination, 262 (1-3). pp. 94-98. ISSN 0011-9164

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Abstract

Commercially produced in Malaysia palm shell activated carbon (PSAC) was evaluated in terms of adsorption capacity to remove copper ions from aqueous solutions. The results of batch and continuous adsorption experiments showed high adsorption capacity of the untreated PSAC to adsorb copper ions at pH 3 and 5. Higher pH of aqueous solution showed higher uptake of copper. Presence of complexing agents, boric and malonic acids, did not improve copper uptake. Moreover, lower adsorption capacity was observed in the presence of malonic acid that is probably due to the complex formations between the agent and investigated metal. The observed trends for continuous adsorption of copper are in line with the results obtained for batch mode adsorption. Also, changes of the solutions' initial pHs were measured and they are likely to be associated with the adsorbent's composition and characteristics. In addition, removal of copper ions from the solutions containing lead ions showed that adsorption capacity of copper was not significantly different compared to the single copper ion system. Whereas, the uptake of lead ions onto activated carbon was substantially reduced in the presence of copper ions, especially at pH 5.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Cited By (since 1996):16 Export Date: 21 April 2013 Source: Scopus CODEN: DSLNA :doi 10.1016/j.desal.2010.05.051 Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Issabayeva, G.; Faculty of Science and Engineering, University Tunku Abdul Rahman (UTAR), 53300 Setapak, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; email: gulnaziya@utar.edu.my References: Sohn, I., Long-term projections of non-fuel minerals: we were wrong, but why? 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Uncontrolled Keywords: Adsorption; Boric acid; Copper; Lead; Malonic acid; Adsorption capacities; Adsorption experiment; Aqueous solutions; Batch modes; Complex formations; Complexing agents; Copper ions; Copper uptake; High adsorption capacity; In-line; Lead ions; Malaysia; Palm shell-activated carbon; Single copper; Activated carbon; Boride coatings; Carboxylic acids; Inorganic acids; Metal ions; Solutions; aqueous solution; inorganic acid; ion; organic acid; pH; pollutant removal.
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Mr Jenal S
Date Deposited: 16 Jul 2013 05:07
Last Modified: 11 Dec 2013 02:45
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/7427

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