Coconut waste as a source for biodiesel production

Sulaiman, S. and Abdul Raman, A.A. and Aroua, M.K. (2010) Coconut waste as a source for biodiesel production. In: 2nd International Conference on Chemical, Biological and Environmental Engineering, ICBEE 2010, 2010, Cairo.

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Abstract

Biodiesel industry needs a cheaper and economical viable raw material that can replace the currently used vegetable oil. Obtaining cheaper raw materials are one of the continuous targets of many biodiesel producing facilities since 70 to 95 of the production costs are attributed to raw materials. One of the main options is to use waste material from animal and plant sources. In this study, coconut waste is used to produce biodiesel using methanol and KOH. The oil content in coconut waste varies from 10-11 wt. The highest yield, 64 is achieved with 5 wt of KOH within 3 hr by mixing raw material and methanol.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Additional Information: Conference code: 83351 Export Date: 21 April 2013 Source: Scopus Art. No.: 5653534 :doi 10.1109/ICBEE.2010.5653534 Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Sulaiman, S.; Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; email: rin2207@yahoo.com References: Rashid, U., Anwar, F., Moser, B.R., Ashraf, S., Production of sunflower oil methyl esters by optimized alkali-catalyzed methanolysis (2008) Biomass and Bioenergy, , Doi:10.1016/J.Biombioe.2008.03.001; Sarin, R., Malhotra, R.K., Jatropha-Palm : Biodiesel blends: An optimum mix for asia (2007) Fuel, 86, pp. 1365-1371; Bhatti, H.N., Hanif, M.A., Qasim, M., Rehman, A.-U., Biodiesel production from waste tallow (2008) Fuel, 87, pp. 2961-2966; Alamu, O.J., Waheed, M.A., Jekayinfa, S.O., Effect of ethanol-palm kernel oil ratio on alkali-catalyzed biodiesel yield (2008) Fuel, 87, pp. 1529-1533; Aresta, M., Dibenedetto, A., Carone, M., Colonna, T., Fragale, C., Production of biodiesel from macroalgae by supercritical CO2 extraction and thermochemical liquefaction (2005) Environ Chem Lett, 3, pp. 136-139; Encinar, J.M., González, J.F., Rodríguez-Reinares, A., Ethanolysis of used frying oil (2007) Biodiesel Preparation and Characterization, Fuel Processing Technology, 88, pp. 513-522; Soumanou, M.M., Bornscheuer, U.T., Improvement in lipase-catalyzed synthesis of fatty acid methyl esters from sunflower oil (2003) Enzyme and Microbial Technology, 33, pp. 97-103; Shah, S., Gupta, M.N., Lipase catalyzed preparation of biodiesel from jatropha oil in a solvent free system (2007) Process Biochemistry, 42, pp. 409-414; Tomasevic, A.V., Siler-Marinkovic, S.S., Methanolysis of used frying oil (2003) Fuel Processing Technology, 81, pp. 1-6; Anwar, F., Rashid, U., Ashraf, M., Nadeem, M., Okra (Hibiscus esculentus) seed oil for biodiesel production (2010) Applied Energy, 87 (3), pp. 779-785; Karmakar, A., Properties of various plants and animals feedstocks for biodiesel production (2010) Bioresour. Technol., , doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2010.04.079; Zhang, Y., Dube, M.A., McLean, D.D., Kates, M., Biodiesel production from waste cooking oil: 2. Economic assessment and sensitivity analysis (2003) Bioresource Technology, 90 (3), pp. 229-240. , DOI 10.1016/S0960-8524(03)00150-0; Lim, S., Teong, L.K., Recent trends, opportunities and challenges of biodiesel in Malaysia: An overview (2010) Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 14, pp. 938-954; Lam, M., Lee, K., Lee, K., Mohamed, A.R., Homogeneous, heterogeneous and enzymatic catalysis for transesterification of high free fatty acid oil (waste cooking oil) to biodiesel: A review (2010) Biotechnol Adv, , doi: 10.1016/j.biotechadv.2010.03.002; Chung, K.-H., Kim, J., Lee, K.-Y., Biodiesel production by transesterification of duck tallow with methanol on alkali catalysts (2009) Biomass and Bioenergy, 33, pp. 155-158 Sponsors: Asia-Pac. Chem., Biol. Environ. Eng. Soc. (APCBEES)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biodiesel; Extraction; Production; Raw material; Wastes; Biodiesel industry; Biodiesel production; Oil contents; Production cost; Waste materials; Environmental engineering; Methanol; Potassium hydroxide; Vegetable oils; Materials.
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Mr Jenal S
Date Deposited: 16 Jul 2013 05:02
Last Modified: 13 Sep 2017 08:20
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/7424

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