Development of a semi-active car suspension control system using magneto-rheological damper model

Rashid, M.M.; Hussain, M.A.; Rahim, N. Abd; Momoh, J.S. (2007) Development of a semi-active car suspension control system using magneto-rheological damper model. International Journal of Mechanical and Materials Engineering, 2 (2). pp. 93-108. ISSN 18230334

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    Abstract

    In this paper, the development of a semi- active suspension control of quarter car model using fuzzy-based controller has been done. The quarter car model to be used here can be described as a nonlinear two degrees of freedom system which is subject to excitation from different road profile. The semi-active control is designed as the fuzzy control inferred by using two single input rule fuzzy modules, and the road model is used as the control force is released by actuating an electromagnetic shaker. To implement semi-active suspension system experimentally, the MR damper is used here as the adjustable damper. The MR damper is a control device that consists of a hydraulic cylinder filled with magnetically polarizable particles suspended in a liquid. MR dampers dissipate vibration by absorbing energy. Magnetorheological (MR) fluids dampers are very effective to control vibration, which use MR fluids to produce controllable damping force and provide both the reliability of passive systems and the facility of active control systems with small power supply. Due to their mechanical simplicity, high dynamic range, low power requirements, large force capacity, and robustness, offer an attractive means of vibration protection. The objectives of this are modeling of semi-active suspension system, developing controller and understanding the characteristics of the MR damper to provide effective damping for the purpose of suspension isolation or suppression car model. In this work pid, fuzzy logic and fuzzy-hybrid controller are used to control semi-active car suspension system.

    Item Type: Article
    Creators:
    1. Rashid, M.M.
    2. Hussain, M.A.(Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia)
    3. Rahim, N. Abd
    4. Momoh, J.S.
    Journal or Publication Title: International Journal of Mechanical and Materials Engineering
    Additional Information: Cited By (since 1996): 2 Export Date: 5 March 2013 Source: Scopus Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Rashid, M.M.; Mechatronic Engineering Dept., IIUM, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia References: Ahmadian, M., Pare, C., A Quarter-Car Experimental Analysis of Alternative Semiactive Control Methods (2000) Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures, 11 (8), pp. 604-612. , August; Giua, A., Seatzu, C., Usai, G., Semiactive suspension design with an Optimal Gain Switching target (1999) Vehicle System Dinamics, 31, pp. 213-232; Kitching, K.J., Cole, D.J., Cebon, D., Performance of Semi-Active Damper for Heavy Vehicles (2000) ASME Journal of Dynamic Systems Measurement and Control, 122, pp. 498-506; (2002), http://www.lord.com, Lord Corporation web siteRoberti, V., Ouyahia, B., Devallet, A., June, Oleopneumatic suspension with preview semi-active control law (1993) Proc. Int. Cong. MV2, Active Control in Mechanical Engineering, 1. , Lyon, France; Ashour, O., Rogers, C.A., Kordonsky, W., MR Fluids:Materials, Characterization, and Devices (1996) Journal of Intelligent Material Systemsand Structures, 7, pp. 123-130. , March; Ashour, O., Kinder, D., Giurgiutiu, V., Rogers, C., Manufacturing and Characterization of MR Fluids (1997) Proceedings of the Society for Optical Engineering, 3040, pp. 174-184. , May; Bolter, R., Janocha, H., Design Rules for MR Fluid Actuators in DifferentWorking Modes (1997) Proceedings of the Society for Optical Engineering, 3045, pp. 148-159. , March; Carlson, J.D., Catanzarite, D.M., St. Clair, K.A., Commercial MR Fluid Devices (1999) International Journal of Modern Physics B, 10 (23-24), pp. 2857-2865. , Jan; Herschel, W.H., Bulkley, R., Model for time dependent behavior of fluids (1926) Proc. American Society of Testing Materials, 26, pp. 621-629; Ivers, D.E., Miller, L.R., Experimental Comparison of Passive, Semi-active On/Off, and Semi-Active Continuous Suspensions (1989) SAE Technical Paper Series, p. 892484; Kordonsky, W., Elements and Devices Based on MR Effect (1996) Journal of Intelligent Materials, Systems, and Structures, 4, pp. 65-69. , January; Lazareva, T.G., Shitik, I.G., Magnetic and MR Properties of Flowable Compositions BasedOxides (1997) Proceedings of the Society for Optical Engineering, 3040, pp. 185-189. , March; Lewis, F.L., Liu, K., Towards a paradigm for fuzzy logic control (1996) Automatica, 32 (2), pp. 167-181. , February; Phillips, R.W., Engineering applications of fluids with a variable yield stress (1969), Ph.D thesis, University of California, Berkeley, CaliforniaSpencer Jr., B.F., Dyke, S.J., Sain, M.K., Carlson, J.D., Idealized Model of a Magnetorheological Damper (1996) Proc.of the 12th Conf. on Analysis and Computation, ASCE, pp. 361-370. , Chicago, Illinois, pp; Spencer Jr., B.F., Dyke, S.J., Sain, M.K., and Carlson, J.D. February 1996 Phenomenological Model for Magnetorheological Dampers, J. Engr. Mech., 123, No. 3, pp. 230-238Spencer Jr., B.F., Dyke, S.J., Sain, M.K., Carlson, J.D., Phenomenological model of a magnetorheological damper (1997) J. of Engineering Mechanics, ASCE, 123 (3), pp. 230-238; Yang, G., Large-Scale Magnetorheological Fluid Damper for Vibration Mitigation: Modeling, Testing and Control, (2001), Ph.D dissertation, University of Notre DameUR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-39549116100&partnerID=40&md5=6a0c38578185b755af71c5d39afe25a3
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Fuzzy controller; Fuzzy logic controllers; MR damper; Quarter car model; Semi-active suspension system; Semiactive; Suspension.
    Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
    T Technology > TP Chemical technology
    Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
    Depositing User: Mr Jenal S
    Date Deposited: 10 Jul 2013 12:01
    Last Modified: 27 Oct 2014 14:40
    URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/7049

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