An economical means for remediating a multiple-metal contaminated soil using electro-kinetic technology under natural conditions

Saleem, M. and Essa, M.H. and Chakrabarti, M.H. and Low, C.T.J. and Hajimolana, S.A. and Hussain, M.A. and Hashim, M.A. and Islam, M.S. (2012) An economical means for remediating a multiple-metal contaminated soil using electro-kinetic technology under natural conditions. International Journal of Electrochemical Science, 7 (9). pp. 7809-7822. ISSN 1452-3981

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Abstract

A bench-scale study on the improved electro-kinetic remediation of heavy metals from soil collected near an operating electroplating site in Pakistan is reported. Influence of operating parameters such as electrode material, current density, soil temperature and inter-electrode spacing is investigated. A maximum of 61.8 removal of cadmium is achieved using titanium electrodes (under natural conditions simulating rain water present in soil). Removal efficiency improves with the increase in current density and soil temperature. About 73 of copper removal is achieved within 20 hours when the soil temperature is constant at 29°C as compared to 32 removal at 18°C. Rate of metal removal increases as the inter-electrode spacing decreases to 10 cm, which demonstrates the highest copper removal of 88.1 at a current density of 8.9 mA/cm2. Other heavy metals are well below their maximum permissible limits and thus are not studied in detail. A maximum energy consumption of 5 kWh/m3 of soil means the process can be economically scaled up. Removal efficiencies may be improved by carefully controlling the catholyte pH and by introducing zero-valent iron particles as a permeable reactive barrier in the electro-kinetic process.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: 012AE Times Cited:0 Cited References Count:25
Uncontrolled Keywords: Electro-kinetic remediation, Heavy metals, Industrial electroplating plant site, Low energy consumption, Heavy-metals, Removal, Decontamination, Nickel,
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Mr Jenal S
Date Deposited: 10 Jul 2013 00:55
Last Modified: 10 Jul 2013 00:55
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/6983

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