Development of energy test procedure for household refrigerator-freezers in Malaysia

Saidur, Rahman and Nasrudin, A.R. and Masjuki, Haji Hassan and Choudhury, I.A. and Mahlia, T.M.I. and Husnawan, M. (2004) Development of energy test procedure for household refrigerator-freezers in Malaysia. International Journal of Power and Energy Systems, 24 (1). pp. 46-55. ISSN 10783466

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Abstract

Refrigerator-freezer energy consumption is greatly influenced by room temperature, thermostat setting positions, and door openings. To develop a realistic test procedure with respect to climatic conditions and usage patterns prevailing in a given country, the effect of these parameters on refrigerator-freezer energy consumption has to be taken into consideration. In order to do so, we have tested six household refrigerator-freezers of different capacities and brands in the laboratory. Using response surface methodology (RSM), we developed a mathematical model to co-relate energy consumption as a function of room temperature, thermostat setting positions, and door opening. Finally, modelled energy consumption was compared with the ISO specified standard energy consumption and field energy consumption to justify the possibilities of introducing ISO refrigerator-freezer energy test procedure in Malaysia. Based on the above comparison, we observed that ISO test standards can be adopted for testing and rating of these appliances in Malaysia.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Cited By (since 1996): 1 Export Date: 6 December 2012 Source: Scopus CODEN: IJSYD Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Saidur, R.; Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; email: saidur@um.edu.my References: Wan, A.R., (2000), Statistical Department of Malaysia, Personal communication(1999) Statistics of Electricity Supply Industry in Malaysia, pp. 1-80. , Jabatan Bekalan Elektrik dan Gas; (annual report), Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, JBEG; Turiel, I., Chan, T., McMahon, J.E., Theory and methodology of appliance standards (1997) Energy and Building, 26 (1), pp. 35-44; Bansal, P.K., Energy efficiency test standards for household refrigerators Proc. Symp. on Domestic Refrigeration Appliances, Wellington, New Zealand, March 2000, pp. 1-14; Bansal, P.K., Kruger, Test standards for household refrigerators and freezers I: Preliminary comparison (1995) International Journal of Refrigeration, 18 (1), pp. 1-20; Grimes, J.G., William, P.E.M., Shomaker, B.L., Effect of usage conditions on household refrigerator-freezer and freezer energy consumption (1977) ASHRAE Trans., 83 (1), pp. 818-828; Alissi, M.S., The effect of ambient temperature, ambient humidity and door openings on household refrigerator energy consumption (1987), master's thesis, Purdue University, INMontgomery, D.C., (1984) Design and Analysis of Experiments, 2nd Ed., , (New York: Wiley); Cheng, B., Energy performance testing in consumer council Hong Kong, China APEC Workshop on Setting-Up & Running an Energy Performance Testing Laboratory, Manila, July 6-8, 1999; Meier, A.K., Hill, J.E., Energy test procedures for appliances (1997) Energy and Building, 26 (1), pp. 23-33; Cohen, R., Canadian system for making a difference on energy efficiency, CSA international APEC Workshop on Setting-Up & Running an Energy Performance Testing Laboratory, Manila, July 6-8, 1999; Meier, A., Refrigerator energy use in the laboratory and in the field (1995) Energy and Building, 22, pp. 233-243; Japanese industrial standard for household electric refrigerators, refrigerators-freezers and freezers (1986), Japanese Standards Association; (JIS C 9607) (Japan: Japanese Standards Association)(1991) Household Refrigerator-Freezers: Characteristics and Test Methods, , International Standards Organization; (ISO 8187) (Geneva: ISO); Household frost free refrigerating appliances: Refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, frozen food storage cabinets and food freezers cooled by internal forced air circulation-characteristics and test methods (1995), International Standards Organization; (ISO: 8561) (Geneva: ISO)Household frost-free refrigerating appliances: Refrigerators with or without low temperature compartment: Characteristics and test methods (1995), International Standards Organization; (ISO 7371) (Geneva: ISO)(1998) Annual Summary of Meteorological Observation 1972-1997, , Malaysian Meteorological Service; (Kuala Lumpur: Malaysian Meteorological Service); Barade, M.A.E., Surface roughness model for turning grey cast iron (1993) Proc. Instn. Mech. Engrs, 207, pp. 43-54
Uncontrolled Keywords: Combined effect, Energy, Refrigerator-freezers, Room temperature, Test procedure, Energy test procedure, Refrigerator-freezer, Response surface methodology, Energy efficiency, Energy utilization, Least squares approximations, Mathematical models, Mathematical transformations, Refrigerators, Standards, Temperature, Thermostats, Electronic equipment testing.
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Mr Jenal S
Date Deposited: 09 Jul 2013 01:52
Last Modified: 18 Oct 2018 05:17
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/6906

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