Experimental evaluation of an unmodified diesel engine using biodiesel with fuel additive

Masjuki, Haji Hassan and Kalam, M.A. and Syazly, M. and Mahlia, T.M.I. and Rahman, A.H. and Redzuan, M. and Varman, M. and Saidur, Rahman and Yau, Y.H. (2006) Experimental evaluation of an unmodified diesel engine using biodiesel with fuel additive. In: 1st International Forum On Strategic Technology "e-Vehicle Technology", IFOST 2006, 2006, Ulsan.

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Abstract

This paper presents experimental results carried out to evaluate the brake power, specific fuel consumption (SFC) and exhaust gas emissions when running on an unmodified diesel engine with fuel additive blended biodiesel. The multi-functional fuel additive was added (in mass basis) with B20 (20 biodiesel and 80 ordinary diesel fuel) in a special manner to increase engine brake power. For comparisons three fuels were tested in this investigation which are (1) B20X where X is the percentage of fuel additive, (2) B20 and (3) BO (0 biodiesel and 100 ordinary diesel fuel). The stationary engine test bed used consists of a multi-cylinder diesel engine, eddy current dynamometer with computer control data acquisition system and exhaust emissions analyzer. The exhaust emissions such as CO, HC, and NOx were measured using exhaust gas analyzer. It is found that B20X produces higher performance (brake power) with reduction in exhaust emissions and fuel consumption as compared to B20 and BO fuels. Fuel "B20X" could be a 'breakthrough' and the real solution as an alternative fuel for existing unmodified diesel engine. Detail results including B20X fuel's physicochemical properties are presented with discussions.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Additional Information: Conference code: 72438 Cited By (since 1996): 3 Export Date: 6 December 2012 Source: Scopus Art. No.: 4107322 doi: 10.1109/IFOST.2006.312257 Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Kalam, M. A.; Tribology and Engine Testing Laboratory, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; email: kalam@um.edu.my References: Kalam, M. A, and Masjuki, H.H., Recent Development on Biodiesel in Malaysia, Journal of Scientific & Industrial Research, 64, pp. 920-927, India, 2005Choo, Recent Development on Palm Biofuel (2005) Proc. of chemistry and technology conference, pp. 311-319. , Malaysia, pp; Ramadhas, A.S., Jayaraj, S., Muraleedharan, C., Theoretical Modeling and Experimental Studies On Biodiesel-Fueled Engine, Renewable Energy, 31.pp.1813-1826, 2006Masjuki, H.H., Maleque, M.A., Investigation Of Anti-Wear Characteristics Of Palm Oil Methyl Ester Using A Four Ball Tribometer Test (1997) Wear, 206, pp. 179-186; Gvidonas, L., Stasys, S., Influence of Fuel Additives on Performance of Direct-Injection Diesel Engine and Exhaust Emissions When Operating on Shale Oil (2005) Energy Conversion & Management, 46, pp. 1731-1744
Uncontrolled Keywords: Additive, Biodiesel, Emissions, Performance and standardization, Air pollution, Alternative fuels, Automobile engines, Automobile parts and equipment, Data acquisition, Diesel engines, Diesel fuels, Diesel locomotives, Diesel propulsion, Eddy currents, Engine cylinders, Engines, Equipment testing, Food additives, Fuel additives, Fuels, Gas emissions, Steel metallurgy, Synthetic fuels, Technology, Technology transfer, Vehicles, (OTDR) technology, Control Data (CO), Eddy current Dynamometer, Engine test bed, Exhaust emissions, Exhaust gas emissions, Experimental evaluations, Experimental results, Gas analyzers, International forums, Multi functional, Physico-chemical properties, Specific fuel consumption (SFC), Vehicle technologies, Leakage (fluid).
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Mr Jenal S
Date Deposited: 09 Jul 2013 01:36
Last Modified: 18 Oct 2018 03:52
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/6898

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