Performance investigation of an automotive car radiator operated with nanofluid-based coolants (nanofluid as a coolant in a radiator)

Leong, K.Y. and Saidur, Rahman and Kazi, S.N. and Mamun, A.H. (2010) Performance investigation of an automotive car radiator operated with nanofluid-based coolants (nanofluid as a coolant in a radiator). Applied Thermal Engineering, 30 (17-18). pp. 2685-2692. ISSN 1359-4311

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Abstract

Water and ethylene glycol as conventional coolants have been widely used in an automotive car radiator for many years. These heat transfer fluids offer low thermal conductivity. With the advancement of nanotechnology, the new generation of heat transfer fluids called, "nanofluids" have been developed and researchers found that these fluids offer higher thermal conductivity compared to that of conventional coolants. This study focused on the application of ethylene glycol based copper nanofluids in an automotive cooling system. Relevant input data, nanofluid properties and empirical correlations were obtained from literatures to investigate the heat transfer enhancement of an automotive car radiator operated with nanofluid-based coolants. It was observed that, overall heat transfer coefficient and heat transfer rate in engine cooling system increased with the usage of nanofluids (with ethylene glycol the basefluid) compared to ethylene glycol (i.e. basefluid) alone. It is observed that, about 3.8 of heat transfer enhancement could be achieved with the addition of 2 copper particles in a basefluid at the Reynolds number of 6000 and 5000 for air and coolant respectively. In addition, the reduction of air frontal area was estimated.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: 662ZF Times Cited:12 Cited References Count:20
Uncontrolled Keywords: Nanofluids, automotive radiator, heat transfer enhancement, heat-transfer characteristics, thermal-conductivity, turbulent-flow, nanoparticles.
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Mr Jenal S
Date Deposited: 05 Jul 2013 07:26
Last Modified: 25 Oct 2019 06:09
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/6759

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