The nonlinear elastic and viscoelastic passive properties of left ventricular papillary muscle of a guinea pig heart

Hassan, Mohamed Mohsen Abdel-Naeim and Hamdi, M. and Noma, A. (2012) The nonlinear elastic and viscoelastic passive properties of left ventricular papillary muscle of a guinea pig heart. Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials, 5 (1). pp. 99-109. ISSN 1751-6161

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Abstract

The mechanical behavior of the heart muscle tissues is the central problem in finite element simulation of the heart contraction, excitation propagation and development of an artificial heart. Nonlinear elastic and viscoelastic passive material properties of the left ventricular papillary muscle of a guinea pig heart were determined based on in-vitro precise uniaxial and relaxation tests. The nonlinear elastic behavior was modeled by a hypoelastic model and different hyperelastic strain energy functions such as Ogden and Mooney-Rivlin. Nonlinear least square fitting and constrained optimization were conducted under MATLAB and MSC.MARC in order to obtain the model material parameters. The experimental tensile data was used to get the nonlinear elastic mechanical behavior of the heart muscle. However, stress relaxation data was used to determine the relaxation behavior as well as viscosity of the tissues. Viscohyperelastic behavior was constructed by a multiplicative decomposition of a standard Ogden strain energy function, W, for instantaneous deformation and a relaxation function, R(t), in a Prony series form. The study reveals that hypoelastic and hyperelastic (Ogden) models fit the tissue mechanical behaviors well and can be safely used for heart mechanics simulation. Since the characteristic relaxation time (900 s) of heart muscle tissues is very large compared with the actual time of heart beating cycle (800 ms), the effect of viscosity can be reasonably ignored. The amount and type of experimental data has a strong effect on the Ogden parameters. The in vitro passive mechanical properties are good initial values to start running the biosimulation codes for heart mechanics. However, an optimization algorithm is developed, based on clinical intact heart measurements, to estimate and re-correct the material parameters in order to get the in vivo mechanical properties, needed for very accurate bio-simulation and for the development of new materials for the artificial heart.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: you can e-mail to me for the full text of my jurnal at mohsenegypt@um.edu.my
Uncontrolled Keywords: Animals Biomechanics *Elasticity Guinea Pigs *Heart Ventricles Materials Testing *Nonlinear Dynamics *Papillary Muscles/physiology Software Viscosity
Subjects: T Technology > TS Manufactures
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Mr. Mohammed Salim Abd Rahman
Date Deposited: 04 Jul 2013 04:01
Last Modified: 16 Jan 2020 07:42
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/6629

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