Energy savings potential by substituting driving with walking and cycling for short distance

Mahlia, T.M.I. and Husnawan, M. and Masjuki, Haji Hassan and Remuslara, L. and Saidur, Rahman (2009) Energy savings potential by substituting driving with walking and cycling for short distance. In: 2008 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE 2008, 2009, Boston, MA.

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Abstract

Vehicles energy consumption produces several emissions such as carbon dioxide (CO2), nitrogen oxide (NOx) and noise. This paper attempts to evaluate potential reduction in oil consumption and CO2 emissions if the obese and overweight conditions were eliminated from the adult population through the use of walking or cycling for transportation, and if individuals between the ages of 10 and 64 adopted recommended levels of daily exercise by walking or cycling instead of driving. Substantial co-benefits accompany widespread adoption of physical activity. The results found that the reductions in emissions from substituting driving with walking and cycling are significant enough to show a possible improvement of air quality. The highest reduction of CO2 emissions comes from the substitution of driving with exercising by cycling for 7 hours a week, which amounts to 2.38 Tg (Teragram) of reduction.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Additional Information: Conference code: 76723 Export Date: 6 December 2012 Source: Scopus Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Mahlia, T. M. I.; Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia References: Jones, P.D., New, M., Parker, D.E., Martin, S., Rigor, I.G., Rev. Geophy. 37, 173 (1999). Hanson, J., Ruedy, R., Glascoe, J., Sato, M., J. Geophys. Rev. 104, 30997 (1999)Cumulative Environmental Effects of Oil and Gas Activities on Alaska's North Slope (2003) The National Academies Press, Washington, DC (pre-publication copy), , NRC; Higgins, P.A.T., Higgins, M., A Healthy reduction in oil consumption and carbon emissions (2005) Energy Policy, 33, pp. 1-4; Kelner, K., Helmuth, L., Obesity - what is to be done? (2003) Science, 299 (5608), p. 845; Kuczmarski, R.J., Flegal, K.M., Campbell, S.M., Johnson, C.L., Increasing prevalence of overweight among US adults: The national health and nutrition examination surveys, 1960-1991 (1994) Journal of American Medical Association, 272, pp. 205-211; Lim, T.O., Ding, L.M., Zaki, M., Suleiman, A.B., Fatimah, S., Siti, S., Tahir, A., Maimunah, A.H., Distribution of Body Weight, Height and Body Mass Index in a National Sample of Malaysian Adults (2000) Med J Malaysia 2000, 55, pp. 108-128; Pi-Sunyer, X., A clinical view of the obesity problem (2003) Science, 299 (5608), pp. 859-860; Schwartz, P., (1996) The Art of the Long View: Planning in an uncertain world, , Doubleday, New York; Mokdad, A.H., Serdula, M.K., Dietz, W.H., Bowman, B.A., Marks, J.S., Koplan, J.P., The spread of the obesity epidemic in the United States 1991-1998 (1999) Journal of American Medical Association, 27 (282), pp. 1519-1522; Ainsworth, B.E., Haskell, W.L., Leon, A.S., Jacobs, D.R., Montoye, H.J., Sallis, J.F., Paffenbarger Jr., R.S., Compendium of physical activities: Classification of energy costs of human physical activities (1998) ACSM's Resource Manual for Guidelines for Exercise Testing and Prescription, , Roitman, J.L, Kelsey, M, LaFontaine, T.P, Southard, D.R, Williams, M.A, York, T, Eds, 3rd Edition. Baltimore, MD, Williams & Wilkins; E1A, 2000a. Petroleum Supply Annual 2000 DOE/E1A-0340, Washington DC, United States Department of Energy, Office of Oil and GasUR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-70149108042&partnerID=40&md5=b51ab40ddd29026cc48eadc5f977800b
Uncontrolled Keywords: Adult populations, Energy consumption, Energy savings potential, Oil consumption, Physical activity, Potential reduction, Short distances, Air quality, Carbon dioxide, Energy conservation, Energy utilization, Mechanical engineering, Nitric oxide, Nitrogen oxides, Carbon monoxide.
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Mr Jenal S
Date Deposited: 03 Jul 2013 03:47
Last Modified: 16 Oct 2018 05:20
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/6568

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