Effect of replacement of normal weight coarse aggregate with oil palm shell on properties of concrete

Shafigh, P. and Jumaat, Mohd Zamin and Mahmud, H.B. (2012) Effect of replacement of normal weight coarse aggregate with oil palm shell on properties of concrete. Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering, 37 (4). pp. 955-964. ISSN 13198025

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Abstract

Oil palm shell (OPS) is a waste from the agricultural sector and is available in large quantities in the tropical regions. This paper investigates the effect of the replacement of normal weight coarse aggregate by oil palm shells on the compressive strength, density, modulus of elasticity, workability and water absorption. The gradation of substitution was 0, 28, 55, 83 and 100 . Two mixes based on high strength concrete (HSC) with binder (cement + silica fume) content of 550 and 600 kg/m 3 were used. The results show that the compressive strength, density and modulus of elasticity decrease and workability and water absorption increase by the percentage of OPS substitution increase. The results of this study show that there is a possibility of producing lightweight concretes using more than 40 OPS in HSC mixes with adequate strength and also achieve a saving in the self-weight of about 28 . © 2012 King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Export Date: 6 January 2013 Source: Scopus Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Shafigh, P.; Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia; email: pshafigh@yahoo.com References: Olanipekun, E.A., Olusola, K.O., Ata, O., A comparative study of concrete properties using coconut shell and palm kernel shell as coarse aggregates (2006) Build. Environ., 41, pp. 297-301; Alengaram, U.J., Jumaat, M.Z., Mahmud, H., Ductility behaviour of reinforced palm kernel shell concrete beams (2008) Eur. J. Scientific Res., 23 (3), pp. 406-420; Teo, D.C.L., Mannan, M.A., Kurian, V.J., Flexural behaviour of reinforced lightweight concrete beams made with oil palm shell (OPS) (2006) J. Adv. Concrete Technol., 4 (3), pp. 459-468; Teo, D.C.L., Mannan, M.A., Kurian, V.J., Ganapathy, C., Lightweight concrete made from oil palm shell (OPS): structural bond and durability properties (2007) Build. Environ., 42, pp. 2614-2621; Okafor, F.O., Palm kernel shell as a lightweight aggregate for concrete (1988) Cement Concrete Res., 18, pp. 901-910; Okpala, D.C., Palm kernel shell as a lightweight aggregate in concrete (1990) Build. Environ., 25, pp. 291-296; Mannan, M.A., Ganapathy, C., Engineering properties of concrete with oil palm shell as coarse aggregate (2002) Constr. Build. Mater., 16, pp. 29-34; Basri, H.B., Mannan, M.A., Zain, M.F.M., Concrete using waste oil palm shells as aggregate (1999) Cement Concrete Res., 29, pp. 619-622; Mannan, M.A., Basri, H.B., Zainn, M.F.M., Islam, M.N., Effect of curing conditions on the properties of ops-concrete (2002) Build. Environ., 37, pp. 1167-1171; Part 116 Method for Determination of Compressive Strength of Concrete Cubes, , BS1881, British Stan Ins, London; Newman, J., Choo, B.S., (2003) Advanced Concrete Technology-Constituent Materials, , Great Britain: Butterworth-Heinemann; Standard Specification for Lightweight Aggregates for Structural Concrete Annual Book of ASTM Standards, , ASTM C330-89; Kayali, O., Haque, M.N., Zhu, B., Drying shrinkage of fiber-reinforced lightweight aggregate concrete containing fly ash (1999) Cement Concrete Res., 29, pp. 1835-1840; Atis, C.D., Zcan, F.O., Kilic, A., Karahan, O., Bilim, C., Severcan, M.H., Influence of dry and wet curing conditions on compressive strength of silica fume concrete (2005) Build. Environ., 40, pp. 1678-1683; Caldarone, M.A., (2009) High-Strength Concrete-a Practical Guide, , Canada: Taylor & Francis; Holm, T.A., Bremner, T.W., (2000) State of the art report on high strength, high durability structural low-density concrete for applications in severe marine environments, , US Army Corps of Engineers, Engineer Research and Development Center. ERDC/SL TR-00-3; Neville, A.M., Brooks, J.J., (2008) Concrete Technology, , Malaysia: Pearson Education Asia Pte Ltd, PP(CTP); Lo, T.Y., Cui, H.Z., Li, Z.G., Influence of aggregate pre-wetting and fly ash on mechanical properties of lightweight concrete (2004) Waste Manag., 24, pp. 333-338; Teo, D.C.L., Mannan, M.A., Kurian, V.J., Structural concrete using oil palm shell (OPS) as lightweight aggregate (2006) Turk. J. Eng. Env. Sci., 30, pp. 251-257; Topcu, I.B., Uygunoglu, T., Effect of aggregate type on properties of hardened self- consolidating lightweight concrete (SCLC) (2010) Constr. Build. Mater., 24 (7), pp. 1286-1295
Uncontrolled Keywords: Compressive strength, Density, High strength concrete, Lightweight aggregate, Modulus of elasticity, Oil palm shell.
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Mr Jenal S
Date Deposited: 19 Apr 2013 01:11
Last Modified: 05 Feb 2020 04:39
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/5858

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