A brief review on anti diabetic plants: global distribution, active ingredients, extraction techniques and acting mechanisms

Chan, C.H. and Ngoh, G.C. and Yusoff, R. (2012) A brief review on anti diabetic plants: global distribution, active ingredients, extraction techniques and acting mechanisms. Pharmacognosy Reviews, 6 (11). pp. 22-28. ISSN 0976-2787

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Official URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22654401

Abstract

A study has been conducted with the aim to provide researchers with general information on anti diabetic extracts based on relevant research articles collected from 34 reliable medical journals. The study showed that Asian and African continents have 56 and 17 share of the worldwide distribution of therapeutic herbal plants, respectively. In Asia, India and China are the leading countries in herbal plants research, and there has been an increase in medicinal research on plants extract for diabetes treatment since 1995 in these regions. The information collected shows that plant leaves are about 20 more favorable for storing active ingredients, as compared to other parts of herbal plants. A brief review on the extraction techniques for the mentioned parts is also included. Furthermore, the acting mechanisms for the anti diabetic activity were described, and the related active ingredients were identified. The findings reveal that most of the anti diabetic research is focused on the alteration of glucose metabolism to prevent diabetes.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Chan, Chung-Hung Ngoh, Gek-Cheng Yusoff, Rozita eng India 2012/06/02 06:00 Pharmacogn Rev. 2012 Jan;6(11):22-8. doi: 10.4103/0973-7847.95854.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Active ingredient, Anti diabetic treatment, extraction technique, herbal plants extract, 3 hydroxylmethyl xylitol, 4 hydroxybenzpoc acid, antidiabetic agent, apigenin, bassic acid, chlorogenic acid, comatin, coumarin, curcumin, cyanidin chloride, delphinidin, dieckol, enhydrin, eremanthin, genistein, gensenoside, guggulsterone, gugulsterone, gymnemic acid, kaempferol, kinsenoside, lsoorientin, malvidin chloride, malvidin chloride glucoside, mangiferin, naringenin, plant extract, quercetin, unclassified drug, unindexed drug, ursolic acid, antidiabetic activity, dementia, diabetes mellitus, drug activity, drug isolation, glucose blood level, glucose metabolism, glucose oxidation, glucose tolerance, glucose transport, glycogen synthesis, human, hyperlipidemia, insulin blood level, medicinal plant, nonhuman, review, solvent extraction, Soxhlet extraction, supercritical fluid extraction, ultrasound.
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Mr Jenal S
Date Deposited: 17 Apr 2013 02:32
Last Modified: 17 Apr 2013 02:32
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/5751

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