Performance of oil palm EFB fibre reinforced concrete roof slates

Kaliwon, J. and Sh Ahmad, S. and Abdul Aziz, A. (2010) Performance of oil palm EFB fibre reinforced concrete roof slates. Process Safety Progress. pp. 528-531. ISSN 1066-8527

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Abstract

Natural fibres such as wood and vegetable fibre offer many advantages such as renewability, recyclability low specific gravity and high specific strength. In Malaysia most of the studies only focused on producing EFB as MDF and pulp and paper products. This paper reviews the development of natural fibres for building material and discusses the performance of oil palm empty fruit bunch (EFB) reinforced concrete roof slates produced in a preliminary experiment. Oil palm EFBs were used partially as cement replacement at levels of 0.5 and 1.0 and compared with the control specimens (0 fibre content). From the preliminary experiment, the physical properties of EFB roof slates were evaluated. Results show flexural strength and density decreased with increased fibre contents that were mixed with various water cement ratio. However, the results still exceeded the level set by the ASTM of 4 N/mm 2. The preliminary results from the experiment suggest that oil palm EFBs have a potential to be a material component of reinforced mortar roofing slates with the appropriate water cement ratio and concrete mix. © 2010 IEEE.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Conference code: 85258 Export Date: 4 November 2012 Source: Scopus Art. No.: 5773834 doi: 10.1109/CSSR.2010.5773834 Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Kaliwon, J.; Fac. of Architecture, Planning and Surveying, Shah Alam, Malaysia References: Savastano, J.H., Plant fibre reinforced cement components for roofing (1999) Construction and Building Materials, 13, pp. 433-438; Coutts, R.S.P., A review of Australian research into natural fibre cement composites (2005) Cement and Concrete Composites, 27 (5), pp. 518-526. , DOI 10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2004.09.003, PII S0958946504001428, Natural Fibre Reinforced Cement Composites; (1947) Report on Paper Pulp Sheets., , J. H. a. C. P. Ltd., Internal Report November; Golbabaie, M., Application of biocomposites in building industry (2006) Department of Plant and Agriculture, , University of Guelph; Fordos, Z., Natural or Modified cellulose fibres as reinforcement in cement composites (1988) Concrete Technology and Design; Natural Fibre Reinforced Cement and Concrete, 5, pp. 173-207. , R. N. Swamy, Ed. London: Blackie and Sons Ltd; Roma Jr., L.C., Martello, L.S., Savastano Jr., H., Evaluation of mechanical, physical and thermal performance of cement-based tiles reinforced with vegetable fibers (2008) Construction and Building Materials, 22 (4), pp. 668-674. , DOI 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2006.10.001, PII S0950061806002819; Swamy, R.N., Vegetabale fibre reinforced cement composites - A false dream or a potential reality? (1990) Second International RILEM Symposium, , presented at, Salvador, Bahia, Brazil, September 17-21; Neville, A.M., (1975) Proceedings of the RILEM Symposium on Fibre Reinforced Cement and Concrete; Gram, H.-E., Durability of natural fibres in concrete (1983) Swedish Cement and Concrete Research Institute, Stockholm, Sweden, pp. S-100444; Berhane, Z., Performance of natural fibre reinforced mortar roofing tiles (1994) Material and Structures, 27, pp. 347-352 Sponsors: IEEE Malaysia; IEEE Malaysia Power Electron. (PEL)/Ind.; Electron. (IE)/ Ind. Appl. (IA) Jt. Chapter; IEEE Malaysia Computer Chapter
Uncontrolled Keywords: EFB roof slate fibre reinforced cement green building material natural fibre oil palm EFB Cement replacement Concrete mix Fibre content Fibre reinforced Fibre reinforced concrete Green buildings High specific strength Level Set Malaysia Material components Oil palm Oil palm empty fruit bunch Pulp and paper products Recyclability Reinforced mortar Roofing slates Water-cement ratio Cements Concrete buildings Construction equipment Experiments Natural fibers Reactor cores Reinforced concrete Roofs Slate Wood Tensile strength Adhesives Bend Strength Density Experimentation Roofing
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering > School of Chemistry
Depositing User: Mr. Mohammed Salim Abd Rahman
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2013 01:12
Last Modified: 17 Apr 2015 01:10
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/4454

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