Performance evaluation of biodiesel from used domestic waste oils: a review

Diya'uddeen, B.H. and Abdul Raman, Abdul Aziz and Daud, Wan Mohd Ashri Wan and Chakrabarti, M.H. (2012) Performance evaluation of biodiesel from used domestic waste oils: a review. Process Safety and Environmental Protection, 90 (3). pp. 164-179. ISSN 09575820 (ISSN)

[img] PDF
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (617kB) | Request a copy


Global warming, high-energy demand and availability of new technologies are among the factors catalyzing the search for alternative sources of energy. Currently, there is renewed interest in obtaining energy from wastes hitherto meant for disposal. Increased costs of disposal and their attendant problems of heavy environmental loading are some aspects making the disposal option unattractive. These wastes are sources of energy and among the several sources of generating this energy are the waste-to-energy (WTE) categories with potentials for useable fuel production. The WTE materials are mainly used domestic waste oils (UDWOs), municipal solid waste (MSW), agricultural and industrial wastes. However, the latter wastes are not attractive as they consist of innumerable hazardous contaminants. The UDWOs are arguably a safe and cost effective source of useable fuel. Their conversion offers the merits of a reduction in greenhouse gas emission (GHG), enhancing fuel diversification and a qualitatively comparable energy output to fossil diesel fuels. Thus, UDWOs could significantly contribute towards achieving the 2020 and 2030 goals of substituting approximately 20 and 30 of petro-diesel with biofuels in US and EU, respectively. Moreover, attaining the forecasted annual production rate of 227 billion liters of biofuel by most active stakeholders in the biodiesel industry could be easily achieved. This review aims to analyze the performance of biodiesel fuels obtained from UDWO and to demonstrate the suitability of applying these fuels as substitutes to mineral diesel in various industries. Benefits of UDWO as a biodiesel feedstock were as well highlighted. © 2012 The Institution of Chemical Engineers.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Export Date: 4 November 2012 Source: Scopus Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Diya'Uddeen, B.H.; Chemical Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; email: References: Agarwal, A.K., Biofuels (alcohols and biodiesel) applications as fuels for internal combustion engines (2007) Prog. Energy Combust. Sci., 33, pp. 233-271; Ahmad, A.L., Yasin, N.H.M., Derek, C.J.C., Lim, J.K., Microalgae as a sustainable energy source for biodiesel production: A review (2011) Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., 15, pp. 584-593; Al-Widyan, M.I., Tashtoush, G., M, D.A., Utilization of ethyl ester of waste vegetable oils as fuel in diesel engines (2002) Fuel Process. Technol., 76, pp. 91-103; Araujo, V.K.W.S., Hamacher, S., Scavarda, L.F., Economic assessment of biodiesel production from waste frying oils (2010) Bioresour. Technol., 101, pp. 4415-4422; Armas, O., Hernández, J.J., Cárdenas, M.D., Reduction of diesel smoke opacity from vegetable oil methyl esters during transient operation (2006) Fuel, 85, pp. 2427-2438; Bari, S., Yu, C.W., Lim, T.H., Performance deterioration and durability issues while running a diesel engine with crude palm oil (2002) J. Auto Eng., 216, pp. 785-792; Basha, S.A., Gopal, K.R., Jebaraj, S., A review on biodiesel production, combustion, emissions and performance (2009) Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., 13, pp. 1628-1634; Behçet, R., Performance and emission study of waste anchovy fishbiodiesel in a diesel engine (2011) Fuel Process. Technol., 92, pp. 1187-1194; Berrios, M., Skelton, R.L., Comparison of purification methods for biodiesel (2008) Chem. Eng. J., 144, pp. 459-465; Blake, A.S., Dominique, L., Harvey, W.B., Next-generation biomass feedstocks for biofuel production (2008) Genome Biol., 9; Boey, P.-L., Ganesan, S., Maniam, G.P., Hag Ali, D.M., Ultrasound aided in situ transesterification of crude palm oil adsorbed on spent bleaching clay (2011) Energy Convers. Manage., 52, pp. 2081-2084; Bouaid, A., Bajo, L., Martinez, M., Aracil, J., Optimization of biodiesel production from jojoba oil (2007) Process Saf. Environ. Prot., 85, pp. 378-382; Canakci, M., Ozsezen, A.N., Arcaklioglu, E., Erdil, A., Prediction of performance and exhaust emissions of a diesel engine fueled with biodiesel produced from waste frying palm oil (2009) Expert Syst. Appl., 36, pp. 9268-9280; Canakci, M., Van Gerpen, J., Biodiesel production from oils and fats with high free fatty acids (2001) Trans. ASAE, 44, pp. 1429-1436; Canakci, M., Van Gerpen, J.H., Comparison of engine performance and emissions for petroleum diesel fuel, yellow grease biodiesel, and soybean oil biodiesel (2003) Trans. ASAE, 46; Cetinkaya, M., Karaosmanoglu, F., A new application area for used cooking oil originated biodiesel: Generators (2005) Energy Fuels, 19, pp. 645-652; �etinkaya, M., Ulusoy, Y., Tekìn, Y., Karaosmanoglu, F., Engine and winter road test performances of used cooking oil originated biodiesel (2005) Energy Convers. Manage., 46, pp. 1279-1291; Chakrabarti, M.H., Ahmad, R., Transesterification studies on castor oil as a first step towards its use in biodiesel production (2008) Pak. J. Bot., pp. 1153-1157; Chakrabarti, M.H., Ahmad, R., Investigating possibility of using least desirable oil of Eruca sativa L.; In biodiesel production (2009) Pak. J. Bot., 41, pp. 481-487; Chakrabarti, M.H., Ali, M., Engine emissions testing of indigenous biodiesel/diesel fuel blends in Pakistan (2008) NED Univ. J. Res., 5, pp. 1-9; Chakrabarti, M.H., Ali, M., Performance of compression ignition engine with indigenous castor oil biodiesel in Pakistan (2009) NED Univ. J. Res., 6, pp. 10-19; Chakrabarti, M.H., Ali, M., Baroutian, S., Saleem, M., Techno-economic comparison between B10 of Eruca sativa L. and other indigenous seed oils in Pakistan (2011) Process Saf. Environ. Prot., 89, pp. 165-171; Chakrabarti, M.H., Usmani, J.N., Ali, M., A techno-economic evaluation of two non-edible vegetable oil biodiesel in Pakistan (2010) NED Univ. J. Res., 7, pp. 43-54; Chuepeng, S., Komintarachat, C., Burned gas and unburned mixture composition prediction in biodiesel-fuelled compression ignition engine (2009) NED Univ. J. Res., 6, pp. 77-88; Cvengros, J.J., Cvengrosová, Z., Used frying oils and fats and their utilization in the production of methyl esters of higher fatty acids (2004) Biomass Bioenergy, 27, pp. 173-181; Demirbas, A., Fuel properties and calculation of higher heating values of vegetable oils (1998) Fuel, 77, pp. 1117-1120; Demirbas, A., Progress and recent trends in biodiesel fuels (2009) Energy Convers. Manage., 50, pp. 14-34; Dorado, M.P., Ballesteros, E., Arnal, J.M., Gómez, J., López, F.J., Exhaust emissions from a Diesel engine fueled with transesterified waste olive oil (2003) Fuel, 82, pp. 1311-1315; Enweremadu, C.C., Mbarawa, M.M., Technical aspects of production and analysis of biodiesel from used cooking oil - A review (2009) Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., 13, pp. 2205-2224; Enweremadu, C.C., Rutto, H.L., Combustion, emission and engine performance characteristics of used cooking oil biodiesel - A review (2010) Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., 14, pp. 2863-2873; Fabiyi, M.E., Skelton, R.L., The application of oscillatory flow mixing to photocatalytic wet oxidation (1999) J. Photochem. Photobiol. A: Chem., 129, pp. 17-24; Felizardo, P., Neiva Correia, M.J., Raposo, I., Mendes, J.F., Berkemeier, R., Bordado, J.M., Production of biodiesel from waste frying oils (2006) Waste Manage., 26, pp. 487-494; Fontaras, G., Tzamkiozis, T., Hatziemmanouil, E., Samaras, Z., Experimental study on the potential application of cottonseed oil-diesel blends as fuels for automotive diesel engines (2007) Process Saf. Environ. Prot., 85, pp. 396-403; Gerpen, J.V., Biodiesel processing and production (2005) Fuel Process. Technol., 86, pp. 1097-1107; Ghobadian, B., Rahimi, H., Nikbakht, A.M., Najafi, G., Yusaf, T.F., Diesel engine performance and exhaust emission analysis using waste cooking biodiesel fuel with an artificial neural network (2009) Renew. Energy, 34, pp. 976-982; (2007) Glob. Oils Fats Bus. Mag., 4, pp. 6-53; Gonzalez-Gomez, M.E., Howard-Hildige, R., Leahy, J.J., O'Reilly, T., Supple, B., Malone, M., Emission and performance characteristics of a 2L Toyota diesel van operating on esterified waste cooking and mineral diesel fuel (2000) Environ. Monit. Assess., 65, pp. 13-20; González Gómez, M.E., Howard-Hildige, R., Leahy, J.J., Rice, B., Winterisation of waste cooking oil methyl ester to improve cold temperature fuel properties (2002) Fuel, 81, pp. 33-39; Gui, M.M., Lee, K.T., Bhatia, S., Feasibility of edible oil vs. non-edible oil vs. waste edible oil as biodiesel feedstock (2008) Energy, 33, pp. 1646-1653; Guo, Y., Leung, Y., Koo, C., A clean biodiesel fuel produced from recycled oils and grease trap oils (2002) Better Air Qual. Asian Pac. Rim Cities, pp. 1-6; Hamasaki, K., Kinoshita, E., Tajima, S., Takasaki, K., Morita, D., Combustion characteristics of diesel engines with waste vegetable oil methyl ester (2001) The 5th International Symposium on Diagnostics and Modeling of Combustion in Internal Combustion Engines; Hayyan, A., Alam, M.Z., Mirghani, M.E.S., Kabbashi, N.A., Hakimi, N.I.N.M., Siran, Y.M., Tahiruddin, S., Reduction of high content of free fatty acid in sludge palm oil via acid catalyst for biodiesel production (2011) Fuel Process. Technol., 92, pp. 920-924; Hirkude, J.B., Padalkar, A.S., Performance and emission analysis of a compression ignition: Engine operated on waste fried oil methyl esters (2011) Appl. Energy, 90, pp. 68-72; Huang, Y.-P., Chang, J.I., Biodiesel production from residual oils recovered from spent bleaching earth (2010) Renew. Energy, 35, pp. 269-274; Issariyakul, T., Kulkarni, M.G., Dalai, A.K., Bakhshi, N.N., Production of biodiesel from waste fryer grease using mixed methanol/ethanol system (2007) Fuel Process. Technol., 88, pp. 429-436; Jain, S., Sharma, M.P., Prospects of biodiesel from Jatropha in India: A review (2010) Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., 14, pp. 763-771; Jiménez-López, A., Jiménez-Morales, I., Santamaría-González, J., Maireles-Torres, P., Biodiesel production from sunflower oil by tungsten oxide supported on zirconium doped MCM-41 silica (2011) J. Mol. Catal. A: Chem., 335, pp. 205-209; Juan, J.C., Kartika, D.A., Wu, T.Y., Hin, T.-Y.Y., Biodiesel production from Jatropha oil by catalytic and non-catalytic approaches: An overview (2011) Bioresour. Technol., 102, pp. 452-460; Kalam, M.A., Masjuki, H.H., Jayed, M.H., Liaquat, A.M., Emission and performance characteristics of an indirect ignition diesel engine fuelled with waste cooking oil (2011) Energy, 36, pp. 397-402; Khan, N.A., Dessouky, H., Prospect of biodiesel in Pakistan (2009) Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., 13, pp. 1576-1583; Knothe, G., Biodiesel and renewable diesel: A comparison (2010) Prog. Energy Combust. Sci., 36, pp. 364-373; Knothe, G., Matheaus, A.C., Ryan, T.W., Cetane numbers of branched and straight-chain fatty esters determined in an ignition quality tester (2003) Fuel, 82, pp. 971-975; Knothe, G., Steidley, K.R., A comparison of used cooking oils: A very heterogeneous feedstock for biodiesel (2009) Bioresour. Technol., 100, pp. 5796-5801; Kulkarni, M.G., Dalai, A.K., Waste cooking oil an economical source for biodiesel: A review (2006) Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 9, pp. 2901-2913; Kumar, A., Sharma, S., Potential non-edible oil resources as biodiesel feedstock: An Indian perspective (2011) Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., 15, pp. 1791-1800; Labeckas, G., Slavinskas, S., The effect of rapeseed oil methyl ester on direct injection diesel engine performance and exhaust emissions (2006) Energy Convers. Manage., 47, pp. 1954-1967; Ladommatos, N., Abdelhalim, S.M., Zhao, H., Hu, Z., The effects of carbon dioxide in exhaust gas recirculation on diesel engine emissions (1998) J. Auto Eng., 212, pp. 25-42; Lapuerta, M., Herreros, J.M., Lyons, L.L., García-Contreras, R., Briceño, Y., Effect of the alcohol type used in the production of waste cooking oil biodiesel on diesel performance and emissions (2008) Fuel, 87, pp. 3161-3169; Lertsathapornsuk, V., Pairintra, R., Aryusuk, K., Krisnangkura, K., Microwave assisted in continuous biodiesel production from waste frying palm oil and its performance in a 100 kW diesel generator (2008) Fuel Process. Technol., 89, pp. 1330-1336; Leung, D.Y.C., Development of a clean biodiesel fuel in Hong Kong using recycled oil (2001) Water Air Soil Pollut., 130, pp. 277-282; Leung, D.Y.C., Guo, Y., Transesterification of neat and used frying oil: Optimization for biodiesel production (2006) Fuel Process. Technol., 87, pp. 883-890; Lim, S., Teong, L.K., Recent trends, opportunities and challenges of biodiesel in Malaysia: An overview (2010) Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., 14, pp. 938-954; Lin, L., Cunshan, Z., Vittayapadung, S., Xiangqian, S., Mingdong, D., Opportunities and challenges for biodiesel fuel (2011) Appl. Energy, 88, pp. 1020-1031; Lin, Y.-C., Hsu, K.-H., Chen, C.-B., Experimental investigation of the performance and emissions of a heavy-duty diesel engine fueled with waste cooking oil biodiesel/ultra-low sulfur diesel blends (2011) Energy, 36, pp. 241-248; Lin, Y.-F., Wu, Y.-P.G., Chang, C.-T., Combustion characteristics of waste-oil produced biodiesel/diesel fuel blends (2007) Fuel, 86, pp. 1772-1780; Liu, S., Wang, Y., Oh, J.-H., Herring, J.L., Fast biodiesel production from beef tallow with radio frequency heating (2011) Renew. Energy, 36, pp. 1003-1007; Loh, S.K., Cheng, S.F., Choo, Y.M., Ma, A.N., A study of residual recovered from spent bleaching earth: Their characteristics and applications (2006) Am. J. Appl. Sci., 3, pp. 2063-2067; Lotero, E., Liu, Y., Lopez, D.E., Suwannakarn, K., Bruce, D.A., Goodwin, Jr.J.G., Synthesis of biodiesel via acid catalysis (2005) Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 44, pp. 5353-5363; Lou, W.Y., Zong, M.H., Duan, Z.Q., Efficient production of biodiesel from high free fatty acid-containing waste oils using various carbohydrate-derived solid acid catalysts (2008) Bioresour. Technol., 99, pp. 8752-8758; Ma, F., Clements, L.D., Hanna, M.A., The effect of mixing on transesterification of beef tallow (1999) Bioresour. Technol., 69, pp. 289-293; Mahfud, F.H., Melin-Cabrera, I., Manurung, R., Heeres, H.J., Biomass to fuels: Upgrading of flash pyrolysis oil by reactive distillation using a high boiling alcohol and acid catalysts (2007) Process Saf. Environ. Prot., 85, pp. 466-472; Marchetti, J.M., Miguel, V.U., Errazu, A.F., Possible methods for biodiesel production (2005) Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., 11, pp. 1300-1311; Math, M.C., Kumar, S.P., Chetty, S.V., Technologies for biodiesel production from used cooking oil - A review (2010) Energy Sustain. Dev., 14, pp. 339-345; Melvin Jose, D.F., Edwin Raj, R., Durga Prasad, B., Robert Kennedy, Z., Mohammed Ibrahim, A., A multi-variant approach to optimize process parameters for biodiesel extraction from rubber seed oil (2011) Appl. Energy, 88, pp. 2056-2063; Meng, X., Chen, G., Wang, Y., Biodiesel production from waste cooking oil via alkali catalyst and its engine test (2008) Fuel Process. Technol., 89, pp. 851-857; Mittelbach, M., Tritthart, P., Diesel fuel derived from vegetable oils. III: Emission tests using methyl esters of used frying oil (1988) J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 7, pp. 1185-1187; Murillo, S., Míguez, J.L., Porteiro, J., Granada, E., Morán, J.C., Performance and exhaust emissions in the use of biodiesel in outboard diesel engines (2007) Fuel, 86, pp. 1765-1771; Narayana, R.J., Ramesh, A., Parametric studies for improving the performance of a Jatropha oil-fuelled compression ignition engine (2006) Renew. Energy, 32, pp. 1994-2016; Nelson, R.G., Schrock, M.D., Energetic and economic feasibility associated with the production, processing, and conversion of beef tallow to a substitute diesel fuel (2006) Biomass Bioenergy, 30, pp. 584-591; No, S.-Y., Inedible vegetable oils and their derivatives for alternative diesel fuels in CI engines: A review (2011) Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., 15, pp. 131-149; Ozbay, N., Oktar, N., Tapan, N., Esterification of free fatty acids in waste cooking oils (WCO): Role of ion exchange resins (2008) Fuel, 87, pp. 1789-1798; Ozkan, M., Ergenc, A.T., Deniz, O., Experimental performance analysis of biodiesel, traditional diesel and biodiesel with glycerine (2005) Turk. J. Eng. Environ. Sci., 29, pp. 89-94; Ozsezen, A.N., Canakci, M., The emission analysis of an IDI diesel engine fueled with methyl ester of waste frying palm oil and its blends (2010) Biomass Bioenergy, 34, pp. 1870-1878; Ozsezen, A.N., Canakci, M., Determination of performance and combustion characteristics of a diesel engine fueled with canola and waste palm oil methyl esters (2011) Energy Convers. Manage., 52, pp. 108-116; Ozsezen, A.N., Canakci, M., Turkcan, A., Sayin, C., Performance and combustion characteristics of a di diesel engine fueled with waste palm oil and canola oil methyl esters (2009) Fuel, 88, pp. 629-636; Papageorgiou, A., Barton, J.R., Karagiannidis, A., Assessment of the greenhouse effect impact of technologies used for energy recovery from municipal waste: A case for England (2009) J. Environ. Manage., 90, pp. 2999-3012; Phan, A.N., Phan, T.M., Biodiesel production from waste cooking oils (2008) Fuel, 87, pp. 3490-3496; Pidou, M., Parsons, S.A., Raymond, G., Jeffrey, P., Stephenson, T., Jefferson, B., Fouling control of a membrane coupled photocatalytic process treating greywater (2009) Water Res., 43, pp. 3932-3939; Pizarrro, A.V.L., Park, E.Y., Lipase-catalyzed production of biodiesel fuel from vegetable oil contained in waste activated bleaching earth (2003) Process Biochem., 38, pp. 1077-1082; Pramanik, K., Properties and use of Jatropha curcas oil and diesel fuel blends in compression ignition engine (2003) Renew. Energy, 28, pp. 239-248; Predojevic, Z.J., The production of biodiesel from waste frying oils: A comparison of different purification steps (2008) Fuel, 87, pp. 3522-3528; Tesser, R., Di Serio, M., Guida, M., Nastasi, M., Santacesaria, E., Kinetics of oleic acid esterification with methanol in the presence of triglycerides (2005) Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 44, pp. 7978-7982; Ramadhas, A.S., Jayaraj, S., Muraleedharan, C., Characterization and effect of using rubber seed
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biodiesel Biodiesel feedstock Used domestic waste oil Waste treatment Alternative sources of energy Annual production Bio-diesel fuel Biodiesel industry Cost effective Domestic wastes Energy output Environmental loadings Fuel diversification Fuel production Hazardous contaminants High energy Performance evaluation Sources of energy Waste to energy Diesel fuels Energy management Feedstocks Fuels Gas emissions Global warming Greenhouse gases Loading Municipal solid waste Waste disposal
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Mr. Mohammed Salim Abd Rahman
Date Deposited: 11 Jan 2013 02:28
Last Modified: 06 Dec 2019 07:51

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item


Downloads per month over past year