Addressing education inequality in sub-Saharan Africa

Temitope Obasuyi, Folorunso Obayemi and Rasiah, Rajah (2019) Addressing education inequality in sub-Saharan Africa. African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development, 11 (5). pp. 629-641. ISSN 2042-1338

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1080/20421338.2019.1567655

Abstract

This paper examines the impact of wealth inequality on education inequality in the sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries, including by decomposing inequality across gender. Specifically, it analyzes the impact of wealth concentration on the distribution of educational attainment using a sample of cross-sectional data from the USAID Demographic Health Survey on 25 countries, and deploying the education inequality Gini, generalized Lorenz curve, and Lorenz concentration curve. Educational attainment and wealth index were estimated to capture education inequality and wealth concentration. The findings confirm that social exclusion has remained chronic in SSA. Apart from Zimbabwe, SSA have not only failed to raise incidence levels of secondary and tertiary education, but also have largely been unable to reduce education inequality. Regardless of oil and gas endowments, investments going to education have remained low in these countries, while gender disparity on educational attainment burdening females has been high in Nigeria, Gambia, Ghana and Guinea. With the exception of Comoros, wealth concentration is the prime cause of education inequality in the remaining countries. The findings call for effective policies for the poor and females to raise their education levels thereby enabling them to earn incomes to break the vicious cycle of education inequality caused by wealth inequality. © 2019, © 2019 African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: education inequality; wealth concentration; social exclusion; sub-Saharan Africa
Subjects: L Education > L Education (General)
L Education > LG Individual institutions (Asia. Africa)
Divisions: Faculty of Education
Deputy Vice Chancellor (Academic & International) Office > Asia-Europe Institute
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 20 Dec 2019 06:01
Last Modified: 20 Dec 2019 06:01
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/23264

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