Effects of Marantodes pumilum (Kacip Fatimah) on vaginal pH and expression of vacoular ATPase and carbonic anhydrase in the vagina of sex-steroid deficient female rats

Giribabu, Nelli and Karim, Kamarulzaman and Salleh, Naguib (2018) Effects of Marantodes pumilum (Kacip Fatimah) on vaginal pH and expression of vacoular ATPase and carbonic anhydrase in the vagina of sex-steroid deficient female rats. Phytomedicine, 49. pp. 95-105. ISSN 0944-7113

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phymed.2018.05.018

Abstract

Background: In sex-steroid deficiency, increased in the pH of vaginal fluid is due to low estrogen levels. Hypothesis: Consumption of Marantodes pumilum leaves helps to ameliorate increased in vaginal fluid pH in sex-steroid deficient condition. Purpose: To investigate changes in vaginal fluid pH and expression of proteins that participate in pH changes i.e vacoular (V)-ATPases and carbonic anhydrases (CA) in the vagina following M. pumilum leaves consumption. Methods: Ovariectomized adult female rats were treated orally with M. pumilum leaves extract (MPE) at 100, 250 and 500 mg/kg.b.w and estradiol at 0.2 µg/kg/b.w for 28 days. At the end of the treatment, vaginal fluid pH was measured in anesthetised rats by using micropH probe. Following sacrificed, levels of V-ATPase and CA proteins and mRNAs in the vagina were identified by Western blotting and real-time PCR, respectively. Protein distribution was visualized by immunohistochemistry. Results: Administration of MPE causes the pH of vaginal fluid to decrease and expression and distribution of vaginal V-ATPase A & B and CA II, III, IX, XII and XIII to increase. Conclusions: The decrease in vaginal fluid pH following MPE treatment suggested that this herb has potential to be used to ameliorate vaginal fluid pH changes in sex-steroid deficient condition.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Marantodes pumilum; Vagina; pH, V-ATPase; Carbonic anhydrases
Subjects: R Medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 21 Aug 2019 07:38
Last Modified: 21 Aug 2019 07:38
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/22022

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