Development of an instructional model for higher order thinking in science among secondary school students: a fuzzy Delphi approach

Saido, G.A.M. and Siraj, Saedah and Dewitt, Dorothy and Al-Amedy, O.S. (2018) Development of an instructional model for higher order thinking in science among secondary school students: a fuzzy Delphi approach. International Journal of Science Education, 40 (8). pp. 847-866. ISSN 0950-0693

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1080/09500693.2018.1452307

Abstract

It is important for science students to develop higher order thinking (HOT) so that they can reason like scientists in the field. In this study, a HOT instructional model for secondary school science was developed with experts. The model would focus on reflective thinking (RT) and science process skills (SPS) among Grade 7 students. The Fuzzy Delphi Method (FDM) was employed to determine consensus among a panel of 20 experts. First, semi-structured interviews were conducted among the experts to generate the elements required for the model. Then, a questionnaire was developed using a seven-point linguistic scale based on these elements. The defuzzification value was calculated for each item, and a threshold value (d) of 0.75 was used to determine consensus for the items in the questionnaire. The alpha-cut value of >0.5 was used to select the phases and sub-phases in the model. The elements in the model were ranked to identify the sub-phases which had to be emphasised for implementation in instruction. Consensus was achieved on the phases of the HOT instructional model: engagement, investigation, explanation, conclusion and reflection. An additional 24 learning activities to encourage RT skills and SPS among students were also identified to develop HOT skills in science.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Higher order thinking; Fuzzy Delphi Method; reflective thinking; science process skills; instructional model
Subjects: L Education > L Education (General)
L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > LB2361 Curriculum
Divisions: Faculty of Education
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 05 Apr 2019 08:20
Last Modified: 05 Apr 2019 08:20
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/20813

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