Application of interface material and effects of oxygen gradient on the performance of single-chamber sediment microbial fuel cells (SSMFCs)

Wang, Chin Tsan and Sangeetha, Thangavel and Yan, Wei Mon and Chong, Wen Tong and Saw, Lip Huat and Zhao, Feng and Chang, Chung Ta and Wang, Chen Hao (2019) Application of interface material and effects of oxygen gradient on the performance of single-chamber sediment microbial fuel cells (SSMFCs). Journal of Environmental Sciences, 75. pp. 163-168. ISSN 1001-0742

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jes.2018.03.013

Abstract

Single-chamber sediment microbial fuel cells (SSMFCs) have received considerable attention nowadays because of their unique dual-functionality of power generation and enhancement of wastewater treatment performance. Thus, scaling up or upgrading SSMFCs for enhanced and efficient performance is a highly crucial task. Therefore, in order to achieve this goal, an innovative physical technique of using interface layers with four different pore sizes embedded in the middle of SSMFCs was utilized in this study. Experimental results showed that the performance of SSMFCs employing an interface layer was improved regardless of the pore size of the interface material, compared to those without such layers. The use of an interface layer resulted in a positive and significant effect on the performance of SSMFCs because of the effective prevention of oxygen diffusion from the cathode to the anode. Nevertheless, when a smaller pore size interface was utilized, better power performance and COD degradation were observed. A maximum power density of 0.032 mW/m2 and COD degradation of 47.3% were obtained in the case of an interface pore size of 0.28 μm. The findings in this study are of significance to promote the future practical application of SSMFCs in wastewater treatment plants.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Single sediment microbial fuel cells; Interface layer; Dissolved oxygen; Pore size; Oxygen diffusion; Diffusion coefficient
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 14 Jan 2019 04:07
Last Modified: 14 Jan 2019 04:07
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/19971

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