Facile sonochemical synthesis of N,Cl-codoped TiO2: Synthesis effects, mechanism and photocatalytic performance

Teh, C.Y. and Wu, T.Y. and Juan, J.C. (2015) Facile sonochemical synthesis of N,Cl-codoped TiO2: Synthesis effects, mechanism and photocatalytic performance. Catalysis Today, 256. pp. 365-374. ISSN 0920-5861

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cattod.2015.02.014

Abstract

In this study, both nitrogen and chlorine were successfully doped into TiO2(N,Cl-codoped TiO2) via a sonochemical method using titanium(IV) butoxide and ammonium chloride as precursors. When N,Cl-codoped TiO2was tested on the decolorization of CI Reactive Black 5 (RB5), it was observed that the photocatalytic activity exhibited by the synthesized photocatalyst was greatly affected by the synthesis conditions. Increasing the sonication intensity or duration up to a certain point shifted the absorption onset toward a lower energy and improved the crystallinity of the synthesized photocatalyst. It was also observed that increasing the N,Cl:Ti molar ratio to 2 significantly enhanced the photocatalytic activity of N,Cl-codoped TiO2, but higher molar ratios inhibited the decolorization of RB5. A relatively low calcination temperature of 200°C was sufficient to further improve the photocatalytic activity of N,Cl-codoped TiO2. The following recommended synthesis conditions successfully yielded 96.02% RB5 decolorization under visible light irradiation for 5h: sonication amplitude of 40%, sonication duration of 3.62h, N,Cl:Ti molar ratio of 2 and calcination temperature of 200°C. The decolorization rate constant of N,Cl-codoped TiO2(0.01min-1) was also significantly higher than that of commercially available P25 (0.0055min-1).

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Chlorine; Doping; Dye wastewater treatment; Nitrogen; Photocatalysis; Ultrasound
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: Nanotechnology & Catalysis Research Centre
Depositing User: Ms. Juhaida Abd Rahim
Date Deposited: 03 Oct 2018 08:11
Last Modified: 03 Oct 2018 08:11
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/19576

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