The capital structure decisions of Shariah compliant and non-compliant firms: Evidence from Malaysia

Sukor, M.E.A. and Halim, A.A. and Bacha, O.I. (2018) The capital structure decisions of Shariah compliant and non-compliant firms: Evidence from Malaysia. In: 20th Malaysian Finance Association Conference (MFAC) 2018, 1-2 August 2018, Adya Hotel, Langkawi, Kedah, Malaysia.

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Abstract

The capital structure puzzle remains largely unanswered Although some light have been shed on the dynamic forces that shapes the typrcal firm's debt-to-equrty moe, the case of the Sharrah-compliant firm's capital structure behaviour remains even more of a mystery. This paper attempts to investigate the capital structure behaviour of Shariah compliant firms of various levels as well those firms who are consistently Shariah non-compliant in Malaysia. The paper utilises a unique dataset of firms of heterogeneous level of Shariah-compliancy status over a 20 year period from the year 1997 to 2016. The paper focuses on the effects of dynamic forces behind capital structure variation such as the optimal capital structure behaviour based on the trade-off, pecking order, market timing and firm fixed effect models of capital structure. This study documents significant evidences in support of the trade-off theory with a hrgh speed of adjustment (SOA) as well as for the trme-invariant firm fixed effects across all Shariah compliancy group. Nevertheless, this study's findings show that there are evidences to suggest a moderate trend whereby as the Shariah compliancy group descend. stronger and stronger evidences of market timing behaviour appear amongst other thrngs. Thrs study suggests that segregating firms into different Shariah compliancy groups reveals a rich and diverse area of study which has never been delved in.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Additional Information: Conference paper
Uncontrolled Keywords: Capital structure; Market timing; Trade-off theory; Equity risk premium; Shariah-compliant firms
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BP Islam. Bahaism. Theosophy, etc
H Social Sciences > HF Commerce
H Social Sciences > HF Commerce > Business
Divisions: Faculty of Business and Accountancy
Depositing User: Mr. Mohd Safri
Date Deposited: 27 Sep 2018 09:07
Last Modified: 27 Sep 2018 09:07
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/19031

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