Optimization of fuel recovery through the stepwise co-pyrolysis of palm shell and scrap tire

Abnisa, F. and Daud, W.M.A.W. (2015) Optimization of fuel recovery through the stepwise co-pyrolysis of palm shell and scrap tire. Energy Conversion and Management, 99. pp. 334-345. ISSN 0196-8904

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Abstract

This study optimized the use of biomass waste to generate fuel through co-pyrolysis. In this paper, the effects of stepwise co-pyrolysis temperature and different ratios between palm shells and scrap tires in feedstock were studied to observe any improvements in the quantity and quality of the liquid yield and its byproduct. The ratio of palm shells and scrap tires varied at 100:0, 75:25, 50:50, 25:75, and 0:100. The experiment was conducted in a fixed-bed reactor. The study was divided into two scenarios. The first scenario was performed at the optimum temperature of 500 degrees C with a reaction time of 60 min. In the second scenario, the temperature was set at 500 degrees C for 60 min before the temperature was increased to 800 degrees C with a high heating rate. After the temperature reached 800 degrees C, the condition was maintained for approximately 45 min. Results showed that an increase in the liquid and gas yields was achieved when the temperature increased after optimum conditions. Increased yield was also obtained when the proportion of scrap tire was increased in the feedstock. Several other important findings are discussed in this paper, including the phases of pyrolysis oil, features of the liquid product, and characteristics of the byproducts. All products from both scenarios were analyzed by various methods to understand their fuel characteristics. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Additional Information: ISI Document Delivery No.: CK4LF Times Cited: 0 Cited Reference Count: 50 Cited References: Abnisa F, 2013, ENERG CONVERS MANAGE, V76, P1073, DOI 10.1016/j.enconman.2013.08.038 Abnisa F, 2014, ENERG CONVERS MANAGE, V87, P71, DOI 10.1016/j.enconman.2014.07.007 Abnisa F, 2014, ENVIRON PROG SUSTAIN, V33, P1026, DOI 10.1002/ep.11850 Abnisa F, 2014, ENERG FUEL, V28, P3074, DOI 10.1021/ef5003952 Abnisa F, 2013, FUEL, V108, P311, DOI 10.1016/j.fuel.2013.02.013 Abnisa F, 2013, BIOENERG RES, V6, P830, DOI 10.1007/s12155-013-9313-8 Akkaya AV, 2009, FUEL PROCESS TECHNOL, V90, P165, DOI 10.1016/j.fuproc.2008.08.016 Bernieco C, 2004, THERM SCI, V8, P65 Bridgwater AV, 2003, CHEM ENG J, V91, P87, DOI 10.1016/S1385-8947(02)00142-0 Bridgwater AV, 1993, ADV THERMOCHEMICAL B, P977 BUCKLEY TJ, 1991, RESOUR CONSERV RECY, V5, P329, DOI 10.1016/0921-3449(91)90011-C Cao Q, 2009, FUEL PROCESS TECHNOL, V90, P337, DOI 10.1016/j.fuproc.2008.10.005 Cornelissen T, 2008, FUEL, V87, P1031, DOI 10.1016/j.fuel.2007.07.019 Demiral I, 2014, J ANAL APPL PYROL, V107, P17, DOI 10.1016/j.jaap.2014.01.019 Diez C, 2004, WASTE MANAGE, V24, P463, DOI 10.1016/j.wasman.2003.11.006 Fahmi R, 2008, FUEL, V87, P1230, DOI 10.1016/j.fuel.2007.07.026 Fei JX, 2012, J ANAL APPL PYROL, V95, P61, DOI 10.1016/j.jaap.2012.01.006 Frigo S, 2014, FUEL, V116, P399, DOI 10.1016/j.fuel.2013.08.044 He RH, 2009, BIORESOURCE TECHNOL, V100, P5305, DOI 10.1016/j.biortech.2009.02.069 Imam T, 2012, J ANAL APPL PYROL, V93, P170, DOI 10.1016/j.jaap.2011.11.010 Jeon MJ, 2011, KOREAN J CHEM ENG, V28, P497, DOI 10.1007/s11814-010-0497-8 Johannes I, 2013, J ANAL APPL PYROL, V104, P341, DOI 10.1016/j.jaap.2013.06.015 Kaminsky W, 2009, J ANAL APPL PYROL, V85, P334, DOI 10.1016/j.jaap.2008.11.012 Lin YS, 2014, BIORESOURCE TECHNOL, V166, P444, DOI 10.1016/j.biortech.2014.05.101 Lu Q, 2009, ENERG CONVERS MANAGE, V50, P1376, DOI 10.1016/j.enconman.2009.01.001 Majumder AK, 2008, FUEL, V87, P3077, DOI 10.1016/j.fuel.2008.04.008 Martinez JD, 2013, RENEW SUST ENERG REV, V23, P179, DOI 10.1016/j.rser.2013.02.038 Martinez JD, 2014, FUEL PROCESS TECHNOL, V119, P263, DOI 10.1016/j.fuproc.2013.11.015 Mohan D, 2006, ENERG FUEL, V20, P848, DOI 10.1021/ef0502397 Mohanty P, 2013, J ANAL APPL PYROL, V104, P485, DOI 10.1016/j.jaap.2013.05.022 Mortensen PM, 2011, APPL CATAL A-GEN, V407, P1, DOI 10.1016/j.apcata.2011.08.046 Murillo R, 2006, FUEL PROCESS TECHNOL, V87, P143, DOI 10.1016/j.fuproc.2005.07.005 Oasmaa A, 1999, ENERG FUEL, V13, P914, DOI 10.1021/ef980272b Odetoye TE, 2014, BIOFUEL RES J, V1, P85 Omar R, 2011, FUEL, V90, P1536, DOI 10.1016/j.fuel.2011.01.023 Onal E, 2014, ENERG CONVERS MANAGE, V78, P704, DOI 10.1016/j.enconman.2013.11.022 Quek A, 2013, J ANAL APPL PYROL, V101, P1, DOI 10.1016/j.jaap.2013.02.016 Raj RE, 2013, ENERG CONVERS MANAGE, V67, P145, DOI 10.1016/j.enconman.2012.11.012 Rodriguez ID, 2001, FUEL PROCESS TECHNOL, V72, P9 Samanya J, 2012, J ANAL APPL PYROL, V94, P120, DOI 10.1016/j.jaap.2011.11.017 Shah J, 2009, ENERG CONVERS MANAGE, V50, P991, DOI 10.1016/j.enconman.2008.12.017 Thangalazhy-Gopakumar S, 2010, BIORESOURCE TECHNOL, V101, P8389, DOI 10.1016/j.biortech.2010.05.040 Thiruvangodan SK, 2006, THESIS U PUTRA MALAY Ucar S, 2014, FUEL, V137, P85, DOI 10.1016/j.fuel.2014.07.082 Venderbosch RH, 2010, BIOFUEL BIOPROD BIOR, V4, P178, DOI 10.1002/bbb.205 Williams PT, 2013, WASTE MANAGE, V33, P1714, DOI 10.1016/j.wasman.2013.05.003 Williams PT, 1998, PROCESS SAF ENVIRON, V76, P291, DOI 10.1205/095758298529650 Yang HP, 2007, FUEL, V86, P1781, DOI 10.1016/j.fuel.2006.12.013 Zhang L, 2013, RENEW SUST ENERG REV, V24, P66, DOI 10.1016/j.rser.2013.03.027 Zhang Q, 2007, ENERG CONVERS MANAGE, V48, P87, DOI 10.1016/j.enconman.2006.05.010 Abnisa, Faisal Daud, Wan Mohd Ashri Wan Engineering, Faculty /I-7935-2015; WAN DAUD, WAN MOHD ASHRI/C-1022-2010 Engineering, Faculty /0000-0002-4848-7052; High Impact Research, University of Malaya D000011-16001; Bright Sparks Program; PG144-2012B The authors thank to High Impact Research, University of Malaya for fully funding this study through the project number "D000011-16001" and Bright Sparks Program. We also like to acknowledge the valuable help from the instrument laboratory of Chemical Engineering Department in regard to provide the facility of water content analysis which supported by PG144-2012B. 0 PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD OXFORD ENERG CONVERS MANAGE
Uncontrolled Keywords: Co-pyrolysis, biomass waste, palm shell, scrap tire, biofuel, waste tyre pyrolysis, bio-oil, liquid fuel, calorific value, heating value, bed reactor, high-grade, biomass, char, temperatures,
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Mr Jenal S
Date Deposited: 14 Apr 2016 06:46
Last Modified: 08 Nov 2017 08:54
URI: http://eprints.um.edu.my/id/eprint/15759

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